AAS abuse

Image According to the United States Department of Justice, 0.5% of the adult population in the United States (approximately 1,084,000 people) self-administer anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) in order to improve male-specific traits . The National Institute on Drug Abuse estimates that a half million junior high school-aged children in the United States use AAS for this same purpose. Worldwide, a significant number of amateur and professional athletes use AASs to increase physical size, strength and athletic performance. The adverse health effects of AAS abuse has recently prompted the Endocrine Society to re-publish a formal position paper detailing their impacting not only... Read More

Synthetic/ club drugs

Image With global realization that use of synthetic drugs is not safe on the long run, the medical fraternity at large is looking at alternatives from natural sources to combat diseases particularly those in which conventional modern system of medicine has little to offer. This realization on the one hand has increased demand for herbal drugs and on the other hand need for quality standardization of drugs has gone up. The standardization of herbal drugs used in Unani system of medicine such as Sufoof Jawahir Mohra which is prescribed in Unani system for therapeutic use as tonic to multiple vital organs... Read More

A1C blood test estimates your blood sugar levels

Image Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin-dependent diabetes. It used to be called juvenile-onset diabetes, because it often begins in childhood.   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition. It happens when your body attacks your pancreas with antibodies. The organ is damaged and doesn't make insulin. Your genes might cause this type of diabetes. It could also happen because of problems with cells in your pancreas that make insulin.   Many of the health problems that can come with type 1 happen because of damage to tiny blood vessels in your eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy), and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). People with type 1 also have a higher... Read More

Pre-diabetes can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease

Image Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is higher than it should be but not high enough for your doctor to diagnose diabetes. More than a third of people in the United States have it, but most of them don’t know it.   Prediabetes can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes and heart disease. Exercising more and losing extra pounds, even as little as 5% to 7% of your body weight, can lower those risks.   The cause of prediabetes is multifactorial and is known to have contributions from lifestyle and genetic factors. Ultimately prediabetes occurs when control of insulin and... Read More

Clinical Guideline for Treatment of Symptomatic Thoracic Spinal Stenosis

Image Thoracic spinal stenosis is a relatively common disorder causing paraplegia in the population of China. Until nowadays, the clinical management of thoracic spinal stenosis is still demanding and challenging with lots of questions remaining to be answered. A clinical guideline for the treatment of symptomatic thoracic spinal stenosis has been created by reaching the consensus of Chinese specialists using the best available evidence as a tool to aid practitioners involved with the care of this disease. In this guideline, many fundamental questions about thoracic spinal stenosis which were controversial have been explained clearly, including the definition of... Read More

Understanding Antibody Testing for COVID-19

Image The orthopedic community has seen the COVID-19 pandemic decimate elective surgical volumes in most geographies. Patients and essential workers, such as health care providers, remain rightfully concerned about how to appropriately begin to return to work and community activity in a safe and responsible manner. Many believe that testing for the presence of antibodies on a widespread scale could help drive evidence-based decision-making, both on an individual and societal scale. Much information, and an equal amount of misinformation, has been produced on antibody testing. Education about the role and science of such testing is critically important for... Read More

COVID-19 - Preparing for the new normal in Oil & Gas

Image COVID-19 - Preparing for the new normal in Oil & Gas As the oil executives of India’s major oil companies met in mid-March, they were looking back at yet another year of growth in the demand for oil. Looking ahead, they likely had some apprehensions about pace of economic growth. However, the possibility of seeing the first contraction of oil demand in nearly half a century may not have crossed their minds. The next couple of weeks brought an unprecedented situation. The demand for transport and industrial fuel didn’t just soften; it contracted sharply in most parts of the world.... Read More

What is biodefense?

Image Biodefense refers to measures to restore biosecurity to a group of organisms who are, or may be, subject to biological threats or infectious diseases. Biodefense is frequently discussed in the context of bio war or bioterrorism, and is generally considered a military or emergency response term. Biodefense applies to two distinct target populations: civilian non-combatant and military combatant (troops in the field). Protection of water supplies and food supplies are often a critical part of biodefense. It is important to note that all of the classical and modern biological weapons organisms are animal diseases, the only exception being smallpox. Thus,... Read More

COVID-19 impact on the Oil & Gas industry

Image COVID-19 impact on the Oil & Gas industry The Indian Oil & Gas (O&G) industry is notable in the global context – it contributes to 5.2% of the global oil demand, is among the top three large markets in demand growth and 4th in the world in refining capacity (~249 MTPA). India is also very imports-dependent, with oil imports at 84% and gas imports at 53% of their respective annual demands. Incidentally, O&G imports constituted ~25% of India’s import bill in FY’19. Therefore the impact of COVID-19, whether due to the wide-spread demand destruction, or the downward spiral of crude... Read More

Hydrogen Energy

Image Hydrogen Energy The effect of ozone oxidation on properties of commercial carbon black supported platinum (Pt) nanoparticles for the methanol electro-oxidation reaction. The results indicated that the oxygenated functional groups could be introduced on the carbon black evenly with the increase of processing time. Apparently, mainly introduced oxygenated functional group is carboxyl. Platinum nanoparticles could be uniformly immobilized on the surfaces of carbon black treated with ozone, which has significant high electro-catalytic activity and stability for methanol electro oxidation. This phenomenon is attributed to the fact that oxygen-containing groups (mainly for carboxyl functional groups) produced by ozone oxidation are good... Read More

Diagnosis of Invasive Aspergillosis using Galactomannan and (1-3)-Beta-D-Glucan Assays

Image Invasive Aspergillosis is an opportunistic mycotic infection witha mortality rate of 15-30% depending on when the infection isdiagnosed and type of therapy elected. While therequirement for a diagnosis of proven invasive pulmonaryaspergillosis remains a lung biopsy for histopathology andculture, these patients are immunocompromised by definitionand such an invasive procedure is often not recommended. Empiric treatment, likewise, is not ideal because the antifungalsrequired to treat invasive aspergillosis are expensive withtreatment of IA in the hospital reaching almost $2900 per dayand antifungals are notoriously toxic. Therefore,diagnosticians increasingly rely on alternative, less invasivetesting. The problem with Aspergillus testing is... Read More

Immune response to COVID-19 may contribute to disease severity

Image A new USC study suggests that temporarily suppressing the body's immune system during the early stages of COVID-19 could help a patient avoid severe symptoms. An interaction between the body's two main lines of defense may be causing the immune system to go into overdrive in some patients. The body's first line of defense, the innate immune response, starts right after an infection, like an infantry going after a foreign invader, killing the virus and any cells damaged by it. The second line of defense, the adaptive immune response, kicks in days later if any virus remains, employing what it has learned... Read More

Tooth Surface Loss Associated With Oral Home Care Devices

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Universal consensus affirms the role of dental plaque as the single most significant etiology of dental caries and gingivitis. To prevent the occurrence of these destructive diseases, the removal of plaque... Read More

Recent Published paper in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

Bacterial Modes of Action for Enhancing of Plant Growth

Image The greatest issue affecting the sustainability of broad acre cropping both environmentally and economically is the requirement of fertilizers. These are based on mined phosphorous or other mineral ores, ammonia produced through the Harbour-Bosch process and industrially manufactured potash. As global demand for fertilizers increases, the costs associated with the production for each of these major nutrients increases. Biofertilizers such as plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) are a possible biotechnology that could alleviate the need for addition of increasing amounts of fertilizers. These bacteria naturally occur in soils and aggressively colonize... Read More

Earlier published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Identification of Core Microorganism in Anammox Consortia

Image Anammox is a novel and sustainable wastewater treatment technology which attracts much attention. The impossible isolation of pure anammox bacteria makes the issue about which bacteria types mainly involved in the anammox consortia meaningful but still lacks of investigation nowadays. In order to elucidate the core constituent of anammox consortia, we investigated microbial communities of six anammox consortia with different origins and activities by cloning 16S rRNA gene region. It is found that the stable anammox consortia have similar community structure, even with different origins (e.g. activated sludge and ground water). The bacteria species... Read More

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Image Traumatic Brain injury also called as intracranial injury is the injury caused due to external mechanical force resulting in permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical functions. Based on the severity of the injury symptoms alter with mild to severe alteration in cognitive, social, emotional, behavioural, physical symptoms. Second injury is caused after the primary resulting in alteration of cerebral blood flow and pressure within the skull. Diagnosis of TBI is done through CT scan, MRI. A traumatic brain injury (TBI), also known as an intracranial injury, is an injury to the brain caused... Read More

Eutrophication

Image Eutrophication Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Eutrophication (from Greek eutrophos, "well-nourished"), or hypertrophication, is when a body of water becomes overly enriched with minerals and nutrients which induce excessive growth of ... Read More

Algal bloom

Image Algal bloom Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

A combo of fasting plus vitamin C is effective for hard-to-treat cancers, study shows

Image A combo of fasting plus vitamin C is effective for hard-to-treat cancers, study shows Researchers have discovered that a fasting-mimicking diet could be more effective at treating some types of cancer when combined with vitamin C. In studies on mice, researchers found that the combination delayed tumor progression in multiple mouse models of colorectal cancer; in some mice, it caused disease regression. Scientists from USC and the IFOM Cancer Institute in Milan have found that a fasting-mimicking diet could be more effective at treating some types of cancer when combined with vitamin C. The researchers said that while fasting... Read More

Peptic ulcers

Image Peptic ulcers are open sores that develop on the inside lining of your stomach and the upper portion of your small intestine. The most common symptom of a peptic ulcer is stomach pain. Peptic ulcers include: Gastric ulcers that occur on the inside of the stomach Duodenal ulcers that occur on the inside of the upper portion of your small intestine (duodenum) The most common causes of peptic ulcers are infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) and long-term use of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) (Advil, Aleve, others). Stress and spicy foods do not... Read More

Retrospective Analysis of Lsias Verses Pharmacological Management in Acute Anal Fissure

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Retrospective Analysis of Lsias Verses Pharmacological Management in Acute Anal Fissure; A Study in Zonal Service Hospital” was well written by Dr. Jani B. Background:... Read More

Awareness of Disease, Drugs, and Compliance among Hypertensive Patients

Image Awareness of Disease, Drugs, and Compliance among Hypertensive Patients Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management,... Read More

Effects of Fermented Cheese Whey on the Cells of the Immune System of Apparently Healthy Albino Rats

Image Effects of Fermented Cheese Whey on the Cells of the Immune System of Apparently Healthy Albino Rats Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50% discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure... Read More

A Consecutive Series of all Sub types of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient Admitted to an Academic Coronary Care Unit

Image A Consecutive Series of all Subtypes of the Acute Coronary Syndrome Patient Admitted to an Academic Coronary Care Unit Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at... Read More

Eye color

Image  Eye color Eye color is a polygenic phenotypic character determined by two distinct factors: the pigmentation of the eye's iris and the frequency-dependence of the scattering of light by the turbid medium in the stroma of the iris. In humans, the pigmentation of the iris varies from light brown to black, depending on the concentration of melanin in the iris pigment epithelium (located on the back of the iris), the melanin content within the iris stroma (located at the front of the iris), and the cellular density of the stroma. The appearance of blue and green, as well as hazel eyes, results... Read More

Intraocular pressure

Image Intraocular pressure Intraocular pressure (IOP) is the fluid pressure inside the eye. Tonometry is the method eye care professionals use to determine this. IOP is an important aspect in the evaluation of patients at risk of glaucoma. Most tonometers are calibrated to measure pressure in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). Intraocular pressure is measured with a tonometer as part of a comprehensive eye examination. Influencing factors Daily variation Intraocular pressure varies throughout the night and day. The diurnal variation for normal eyes is between 3 and 6 mmHg and the variation may increase in glaucomatous eyes. During the night,... Read More

Systolic Pressure

Image Systolic Pressure Blood pressure (BP) is the pressure of circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels. Most of this pressure is due to work done by the heart by pumping blood through the circulatory system. Used without further specification, "blood pressure" usually refers to the pressure in large arteries of the systemic circulation. Blood pressure is usually expressed in terms of the systolic pressure (maximum during one heartbeat) over diastolic pressure (minimum in between two heartbeats) and is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), above the surrounding atmospheric pressure. Blood pressure is one of the vital signs, along with respiratory rate, heart rate, oxygen saturation, and body temperature. Normal resting blood pressure, in an adult is approximately 120 millimetres of mercury (16 kPa) systolic, and... Read More

Dentists’ Perception and level of Satisfaction

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. According to the World Health Organization estimates, individuals with disabilities comprise 10% of the population in developed countries and 12% of the population in developing countries. Saudi Arabia has undergone rapid economic development in... Read More

Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)

Image Coronary heart disease (CHD), or coronary artery disease, develops when the coronary arteries become too narrow. The coronary arteries are the blood vessels that supply oxygen and blood to the heart. CHD tends to develop when cholesterol builds up on the artery walls, creating plaques. These plaques cause the arteries to narrow, reducing blood flow to the heart. A clot can sometimes obstruct the blood flow, causing serious health problems. Coronary arteries form the network of blood vessels on the surface of the heart that feed it oxygen. If these arteries narrow, the heart may not receive enough oxygen rich... Read More

EBSD Analysis and Hot Tensile Properties of Pulsed Current Gas Tungsten Arc Welded Super 304h Austenitic Stainless Steel Joints

Image Super 304H austenitic stainless steel tubes containing 2.3 to 3 (%wt) of Cu is mainly used in superheaters and reheater of ultra-supercritical boilers. Welding high alloyed steels such as stainless steels can result in local variation of alloying elements within the weld metal and such segregation may affect the high temperature properties of the weld joint. It is preferable to control the solidification structure of the weld by altering the prevailing thermal gradients in the weld pool during welding. The effect of current pulsing on microstructure and hot tensile properties of filler added gas tungsten arc welding (GTAW) of super... Read More

The Impression of Enclosure in Persian Garden Design

Image The presence of enclosure has been a significant characteristic of Persian gardens in Pre-Islamic and Islamic eras. This concept is also reflected in Persian ate miniature painting where buildings are enclosed by a light fence or a wall. In some cases, especially house gardens, the wall looks much stronger, probably to protect the security of the enclosed area. The organic arrangement of natural elements in the garden associated with the pavilion, however, is in contradiction to the presence of the enclosure. It can be said that in numerous paintings, water is not enclosed anymore, but it is the building (and... Read More

Significance of intracranial gas on post-mortem computed tomography in traumatic cases in the context of medico-legal opinions

Image Journal of Forensic Medicine is a single-blind peer reviewed international journal. Journal of Forensic Medicine deals with Forensic Medicine, Forensic Science, Toxicology, DNA fingerprinting, sexual medicine, environmental medicine, Forensic Pathology, legal medicine and public health laws. Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology explores all aspects of modern day forensics, applying equally to children or adults, either living or the deceased. The range of topics covered includes forensic science, medicine, nursing, and pathology, as well as toxicology, human identification, mass disasters/mass war graves, profiling, imaging, policing, wound assessment, sexual assault, anthropology, archeology, forensic search, entomology, botany, biology, veterinary pathology, and DNA. Forensic... Read More

Burnout in physicians who are exposed to workplace violence

Image The Journal of Forensic Medicine publishes topical articles on aspects of forensic medicine. Specifically the Journal supports research that explores the medical principles of care and forensic assessment of individuals, whether adult or child, in contact with the judicial system. The Journal of Forensic Medicine is a fully peer-review hybrid journal with a broad international perspective. The Journal of Forensic Medicine accepts submissions of original research, review articles, and pertinent case studies, editorials, and commentaries in relevant areas of Forensic Medicine, Context of Practice, and Education and Training. Each issue of the journal features original articles on new examination and... Read More

Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed diuresis

Image Polyuria is excessive or an abnormally large production or passage of urine (greater than 2.5 L or 3 L over 24 hours in adults). Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed diuresis. Polyuria often appears in conjunction with polydipsia (increased thirst), though it is possible to have one without the other, and the latter may be a cause or an effect. Psychogenic polydipsia may lead to polyuria. Polyuria is usually viewed as a symptom or sign of another ... Read More

Polyphagia or hyperphagia is an abnormally strong sensation of hunger

Image Polyphagia or hyperphagia is an abnormally strong sensation of hunger or desire to eat often leading to or accompanied by overeating. In contrast to an increase in appetite following exercise, polyphagia does not subside after eating and often leads to rapid intake of excessive quantities of food. Polyphagia is not a disorder by itself, rather it is a symptom indicating an underlying medical condition. It is frequently a result of abnormal blood glucose levels (both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia), and, along with polydipsia and polyuria, it is one of the "3 Ps" commonly associated... Read More

Multi-material additive manufacturing technologies for Fe-based biomaterials

Image The growing interest in multi-functional metallic biomaterials for bone substitutes challenges the current additive manufacturing technologies. It is foreseeable that advances in multi-material AM for metallic biomaterials will not only allow for complex geometrical designs, but also improve their multi-functionalities by tuning the types or compositions of the underlying base materials, thereby presenting unprecedented opportunities for advanced orthopedic treatments. AM technologies are yet to be extensively explored for the fabrication of multi-functional metallic biomaterials, especially for bone substitutes. Five AM technologies suitable for metal 3D printing are compared against the requirements... Read More

Genetically engineered microorganisms for bioremediation processes

Image Genetically engineered microorganisms (GEMs) have shown potential for bioremediation applications in soil, groundwater, and activated sludge environments, exhibiting enhanced degradative capabilities encompassing a wide range of chemical contaminants. However, the vast majority of studies pertaining to genetically engineered microbial bioremediation are supported by laboratory-based experimental data. In general, relatively few examples of GEM applications in environmental ecosystems exist. Unfortunately, the only manner in which to fully address the competence of GEMs in bioremediation efforts is through long-term field release studies. It is therefore essential that field studies be performed to acquire... Read More

Eye Lids appearance

Image  Eye Lids APPEARANCE The appearance of the human upper eyelid often varies between different populations. The prevalence of an epicanthic fold covering the inner corner of the eye may reach up to 90% in East Asian and Southeast Asian populations and is found in varying degrees in others. Separately, but also similarly varying between populations, the crease of the remainder of the eyelid may form either a "single eyelid", a "double eyelid", or an intermediate form. Eyelids can be found in other animals, some of which may have a... Read More

Tears composition

Image TEARS COMPOSITION Tears are a clear liquid secreted by the lacrimal glands (tear gland) found in the eyes of all land mammals (except for goats and rabbits). Their functions include lubricating the eyes (basal tears), removing irritants (reflex tears), and aiding the immune system.Tears also occur as a part of the body's natural pain response. Humans are the only mammals known to produce tears as part of an emotional response, such as out of joy or grief. Tears have symbolic significance among humans (see crying).Emotional secretion of tears may serve a biological function... Read More

Heart Attack

Image Heart Attack Heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired.About 30% of people have atypical symptoms Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years old, about 5% have had... Read More

The Role of Vitamin D in Pediatric Orthopedics

Image Vitamin D is an essential component of bone metabolism in the growth and development of the pediatric skeleton, which can be acutely affected by changes to the body’s vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate levels, resulting in pathologic conditions such as rickets or fractures. Bone homeostasis can be acutely affected by changes to the body’s vitamin D, calcium, and phosphate levels, resulting in pathologic conditions such as vitamin D–dependent rickets, osteoporosis, and a predisposition to fractures. Within the last decade, multiple studies have demonstrated the potential health benefits of vitamin D supplementation,... Read More

Is An Oil Supply Shortage Inevitable?

Image Is An Oil Supply Shortage Inevitable? Oil prices are rising as supply shut ins mount and oil demand seems to be turning a corner. Some oil market analysts even warn that a supply deficit could be on the horizon, one that could balloon in the coming years because of the damage done today. Demand remains sharply down, but April is widely considered the nadir, even if consumption remains depressed for months to come. Several European countries, along with a number of U.S. states, are easing stay-at-home orders. “While there is still some doubt surrounding the production trends, the market... Read More

Latest Published paper in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

First published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Soil organic matter

Image Soil organic matter Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  The organic matter in soil derives from plants, animals and microorganisms. In a forest, for example, leaf litter and woody material... Read More

Organic matter

Image Organic matter Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

Stroke Rehabilitation For Gait Training With Cyborg Type Robot Hybrid Assistive Limb

Image Approximately 795,000 people experience a stroke annually, and 60%, or approximately 465,000 of those require some type of rehabilitation. Not all strokes are created equal, they are as unique as the patients who experience them. During the acute hospitalization, families are searching for predictive signs of recovery, and as nurses we want to provide them that support. Unfortunately, it is not often plausible to predict the recovery trajectory that any stroke patient will take. What we do know is that, with timely interventions, we are seeing improved outcomes, although complete recovery may not be possible. The rehabilitation goal is to... Read More

Dynamics of Filtration

Image Dynamics of Filtration The dynamics of filtration efficiency during graphite nanoparticles aerosol filtration on fibrous filters was investigated. The influence of water droplets in feed gas on filtration efficiency, pressure drop as well as the form and shape of filtration deposits collected on filter was examined. Moreover, the mass distribution of collected deposits in individual layers in the case of multilayer filters was examined. We have observed that during the filtration of graphite aerosol in the presence of water droplets the observed pressure drop is significantly greater than during the filtration of sole graphite aerosol. On the other hand, the... Read More

Gastointestinal Disorders

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. Gastrointestinal disorders is the term used to refer to any condition or disease that occurs within the gastrointestinal tract. The gastrointestinal tract (also called the GI tract) is a series of hollow organs... Read More

Brain Research : Spinal cord injury

Image Spinal cord injury is the damage caused to the spinal cord that results in functional changes either temporary or permanent. Depending on the severity of spinal cord injury symptoms vary widely which includes loss of sensation, loss of muscle function termed as complete injury. Incomplete injury includes few of the nervous signals are able to travel across the injured area of spinal cord. Symptoms can vary from numbness to paralysis. Spinal cord injuries are caused by physical trauma such as falls, sports injuries, accidents, can also result from infection, insufficient blood flow (ischemic), tumors. Spinal cord injuries... Read More

Acupuncture as a Treatment Modality for Low Back Pain

Image Acupuncture as a Treatment Modality for Low Back Pain Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management,... Read More

Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literatures

Image Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literatures Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease... Read More

Ankle and Toe-Brachial Pressure Index after Exercise in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis

Image Ankle and Toe-Brachial Pressure Index after Exercise in Patients on Maintenance Hemodialysis Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50... Read More

The Emerging Oil and Gas Industry in Ghana: A Saviour or a Slayer?

Image The Emerging Oil and Gas Industry in Ghana: A Saviour or a Slayer? Ghana in 2007 struck oil in commercial quantities. These discoveries have generated interest around the world as it is the biggest finds in Africa in recent times. As a result there has been the continual influx of International Oil Companies (IOC’s) to augment the activities of Ghana National Petroleum Company (GNPC) in tapping this national resource to the wider benefit of the nation. The most crucial and critical question that bothers the minds of every Ghanaian is how best can this rich natural resource can be turned... Read More

Polymerization Chemistry

Image Polymerization Chemistry Polymerization and modification play central roles in polymer chemistry and are generally implemented in two steps, which suffer from the time-consuming two-step strategy and present considerable challenge for complete modification. By introducing the radical cascade reaction (RCR) into polymer chemistry, a one-step strategy is demonstrated to achieve synchronized polymerization and complete modification in situ. Attributed to the cascade feature of iron-catalyzed three-component alkene carboazidation RCR exhibiting carbon-carbon bond formation and carbon-azide bond formation with extremely high efficiency and selectivity in one step, radical cascade polymerization therefore enables the in situ synchronized polymerization through continuous carbon-carbon bond formation and... Read More

Rift Valley Fever in Chronic Carrier and Liver Manifestation

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence is planning to release volume 10 with quality articles in the field of bioterrorism & biodefence. Rift Valley Fever virus (RVFV) causes certain type of hemorrhagic fever. In Egypt, during September 2017, RVFV was detected in samples from imported cattle (country of origin: the Sudan). Samples were collected from imported cattle from different localities in Cairo during October, November, December 2017. This study proves that RVFV causes chronic diseases and carriers are present in the endemic areas. The RVFV main arthropod hosts are mosquitoes. Man and wide range of mammal’s species are susceptible of variables degree.... Read More

Dental caries becomes a major public health concern

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Dental caries or tooth decay is a breakdown of teeth due to bacterial activities. This phenomenon develops eating problem and produce pain. One of the damages of dental caries in bacterial breakdown is the... Read More

Stroke

Image Stroke is a disease that affects the arteries leading to and within the brain. It is the No. 5 cause of death and a leading cause of disability in the United States. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that carries oxygen and nutrients to the brain is either blocked by a clot or bursts (or ruptures). When that happens, part of the brain cannot get the blood (and oxygen) it needs, so it and brain cells die. What are the types of stroke? Stroke can be caused either by a clot obstructing the flow of blood to the brain... Read More

Dentists' Perception of the Care of Patients

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The awareness of the importance of oral heath as a part of general health is becoming widespread. However, dental care remains the most common unmet health care need. In a study... Read More

Time-Dependent Composite Effect Of The Curved Steel-Concrete Composite Beams In Construction Stage

Image In order to accurately analyse the mechanical behaviour of the steel-concrete composite beams in construction stage, firstly the change law of the shear strength of the stud connectors with the concrete age was studied using the push-out test, in which the time-dependent shear strength formula of the stud connectors was obtained. Secondly, model tests of two simply-supported curved composite beams were carried out during the casting process of concrete slab, the ANSYS finite element models were built with the time-dependent shear strength formula applied in it, and then the experimental and numerical results were verified for each other. On the... Read More

Case Study on Retrofit of Steel Plate Shear Walls Using Low Yield Point Steel Infill Plates

Image Steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) have been frequently used in seismic design and retrofit of buildings over the past three decades or so. Employment of infill plates made of low yield point (LYP) steel with considerably low yield stress and high elongation capacity is believed to provide the possibility in order to improve the structural and seismic characteristics of such lateral force-resisting systems. Among the various benefits is the early yielding of LYP steel infill plates, which can result in greater energy absorption capacity and limitation of the plastic deformation demand to the surrounding frame structure. On this basis, a... Read More

Study reveals low-dose aspirin reduces liver cancer risk

Image Study reveals low-dose aspirin reduces liver cancer risk The findings come from an analysis published in the New England Journal of Medicine and conducted by a team led by investigators at the Karolinska Institutet, in Sweden, and Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH). Washington D.C. [USA]: Adults who took low-dose aspirin were less likely to develop liver cancer and die from the liver disease-related causes, suggests a recent study. The findings come from an analysis published in the New England Journal of Medicine and conducted by a team led by investigators at the Karolinska Institutet, in Sweden, and Massachusetts General Hospital... Read More

A diversity of approaches to address the challenge of drug-resistance in malaria

Image For several decades, the phenomenon of drug resistance has remained the greatest challenge to malaria control, and it is part of the obstacles that sapped the dream of seeing malaria eradicated in the years 1970s. So far, resistance has been fully established in three of the five Plasmodium species responsible for human malaria (P. falciparum, P vivax and P. malariae). By WHO “drug resistance” is defined as “the ability of a parasite strain to survive or multiply despite the administration and absorption of a drug given in doses equal to or higher than those usually recommended but... Read More

Phytoremediation: Right Plants for Right Pollutants

Image Pollutants are not necessarily born as pollutants. On the contrary, they may be resourcesapplied in the wrong places. Incorrect uses, accidental releases and/or technical limits make them harmful to ourenvironment. Following agricultural and industrial development, pollutants have formed a huge stereo-network on earth, existing in the water, soil and air. Many measures were taken successfully to treat the pollution of water or soil, but not so for air pollution. Furthermore, air pollutants can reach even more widespread locations, including the Antarctic and even the stratospheric ozone layer. Is there a way to potentially remove the pollutantsfrom water,... Read More

Development of Solid Acid Catalyst from Biomass Obtained from Cake of Vitellaria paradoxa

Image   Development of Solid Acid Catalyst from Biomass Obtained from Cake of Vitellaria paradoxa An integrated approach is needed to make biodiesel production cost-effective and a suitable choice of fuel. This study was therefore designed to utilize the seed cake of Vitellaria paradoxa obtained during oil extraction stage for the synthesis of a solid acid catalyst capable of hydrolysis and/or esterification reaction. The seed cake was pyrolyzed in an inert tube furnace at 420°C for 5 h, and then sulfonated in fuming sulphuric acid (15 wt.%) at 150°C for 10 h to obtain a biomass-derived catalyst. The catalyst was characterized... Read More

People with prediabetes are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes

Image prediabetes or borderline diabetes when blood sugar is usually in the range of 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Normal blood sugar levels sit between 70 and 99 mg/dL, whereas a person with diabetes will have a fasting blood sugar higher than 126 mg/dL.Theprediabetes level means that blood glucose is higher than usual but not so high as to constitute diabetes. People with prediabetes are, however, at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, although they do not usually experience the symptoms of full diabetes.The risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are similar. They include: being overweight... Read More

Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves

Image Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.                            Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.   There are a few different types of diabetes:   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s... Read More

Myocardial Infraction

Image Myocardial infraction A myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle.The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the center or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired.About 30% of people have atypical symptoms Women more often present without chest pain and instead have neck pain, arm pain or feel tired. Among those over 75 years... Read More

Tears

Image Tears Tears are a clear liquid secreted by the lacrimal glands (tear gland) found in the eyes of all land mammals (except for goats and rabbits). Their functions include lubricating the eyes (basal tears), removing irritants (reflex tears), and aiding the immune system.Tears also occur as a part of the body's natural pain response. Humans are the only mammals known to produce tears as part of an emotional response, such as out of joy or grief. Tears have symbolic significance among humans (see crying).Emotional secretion of tears may serve a biological function by... Read More

Eye lids

Image  Eye Lids An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects an eye. The levator palpebrae superioris muscle retracts the eyelid, exposing the cornea to the outside, giving vision. This can be either voluntarily or involuntarily. The human eyelid features a row of eyelashes along the eyelid margin, which serve to heighten the protection of the eye from dust and foreign debris, as well as from perspiration. "Palpebral" (and "blepharal") means relating to the eyelids. Its key function is to regularly spread the tears and other secretions... Read More

Molecular Mechanism of Attenuated Inverse Agonism of ARBs for Active-State of AT1 receptor

Image Molecular Mechanism of Attenuated Inverse Agonism of ARBs for Active-State of AT1 receptor Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anaesthesia, Automatized anaesthesia, Paediatric Anaesthesia, Obstetric Anaesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counselling, Ischemia reperfusion,... Read More

Coexistence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Graves ‘disease

Image Coexistence of Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Graves ‘disease Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the... Read More

Evaluation of Platelet Parameters as Prognostic Analysis in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients

Image Evaluation of Platelet Parameters as Prognostic Analysis in Cardiac Intensive Care Unit Patients Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up... Read More

Detection Efficiency Comparison of the UV-APS and TACBIO using Inert Fluorescent and Biological Particles

Image The article on “Detection Efficiency Comparison of the UV-APS and TACBIO using Inert Fluorescent and Biological Particles” published in Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence. Airborne CB threats have evolved into a serious and omnipresent battlefield threat against US military forces. Real time sampling and detection of airborne CB threats is an essential tool in the war against terrorism. In the battlefield arena it is necessary to detect, sample, and identify the presence of chemical, biological, and nuclear aerosols in near real time to mount an adequate defense and reduce casualties. Government agencies employ portable fluorescent based aerosol... Read More

Climate

Image Climate Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Atmospheric pressure

Image Atmospheric pressure Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Atmospheric pressure, also known as barometric pressure (after the barometer), is the pressure within the atmosphere of Earth. The ... Read More

Modeling of Pore Pressure using Artificial Neural Networks

Image Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas The oil and gas sector has suffered a tumultuous start to 2020 in the wake of Covid-19. Overall, the energy sector – a key pillar of many FDI strategies – is forecasted by GlobalData to face downward earnings revisions of 208% in 2020, with the shock compounded by the oil price crash. Oil prices have decreased by around 50% since January 2020, with the US market reporting record lows. With countries on lockdown there is significantly less of all activity, and the demand for oil and gas has fallen spectacularly.... Read More

Colonic Inflammation after Acute Diverticulitis-A Chronic Disease?

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. This peer reviewed journal includes following topics but are not limited to: Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Digestive Diseases, Pancereatic Diseases, Gall bladder and bilary tract, Esophageal diseases, Gastrointestinal infections, Bowel endometriosis, Clinical infectious diseases, Celiac Disease, Colon Disorders, Colitis, Inflammatory Bowel... Read More

Transmembrane proteins were generally cell receptors

Image Cells have proteins called receptors that bind to signaling molecules and initiate a physiological response. Different receptors are specific for different molecules. Dopamine receptors bind dopamine, insulin receptors bind insulin, nerve growth factor receptors bind nerve growth factor, and so on. In fact, there are hundreds of receptor types found in cells, and varying cell types have different populations of receptors. Receptors can also respond directly to light or pressure, which makes cells sensitive to events in the atmosphere. Receptors are generally transmembrane proteins, which bind to signaling molecules outside the cell and subsequently transmit the signal... Read More

Recent Transmission of diseases

Image Overview  Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact. Certain types of viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi can all cause infectious disease. Malaria, measles, and respiratory illnesses are examples of infectious diseases.  Simple preventative measures, such as frequent hand washing, can cut down on disease transmission.   Direct contact  Infectious diseases are often spread through direct contact. Types of direct contact include:   1. Person-to-person contact  Infectious diseases are commonly transmitted through direct person-to-person contact. Transmission occurs when an infected person touches or exchanges body fluids with someone else. This can happen before an infected... Read More

Complex Clubfoot Treatment With Ponseti Method

Image Complex clubfoot is a term used to describe those feet that present after treatment with a short first metatarsal, severe plantar flexion of all metatarsals, rigid equinus, and deep folds through the sole of the foot and above the heel. Ponseti has described a modification of his original technique for the treatment of the deformity. Few series have reported the treatment outcomes of this group of patients. The purpose of this study is to analyze mid-term results and complications of a large multicenter cohort. Patients with complex clubfoot treated at 6 tertiary-care institutions with... Read More

Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas

Image Covid-19 creates supply and demand crisis for oil and gas The oil and gas sector has suffered a tumultuous start to 2020 in the wake of Covid-19. Overall, the energy sector – a key pillar of many FDI strategies – is forecasted by GlobalData to face downward earnings revisions of 208% in 2020, with the shock compounded by the oil price crash. Oil prices have decreased by around 50% since January 2020, with the US market reporting record lows. With countries on lockdown there is significantly less of all activity, and the demand for oil and gas has fallen spectacularly.... Read More

Researchers identify cells likely targeted by COVID-19 virus

Image Researchers identify cells likely targeted by COVID-19 virus Researchers have identified specific types of cells that appear to be the targets of the SARS-Cov-2 coronavirus that is causing the Covid-19 pandemic. Researchers at MIT; the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT, and Harvard; and the Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard; along with colleagues from around the world have identified specific types of cells that appear to be targets of the coronavirus that is causing the Covid-19 pandemic. Using existing data on the RNA found in different types of cells, the researchers were able to search for cells that express... Read More

Transitions of Care Handover Cards and Application in a Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Training Program

Image Transitions of Care Handover Cards and Application in a Critical Care Medicine Fellowship Training Program Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling,... Read More

Keep Eyes on Integrins

Image Keep Eyes on Integrins Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of... Read More

Calcinosis Cutis Associated with Severe Atherosclerosis and Severe Calcific Aortic Stenosis: Case Report

Image Calcinosis Cutis Associated with Severe Atherosclerosis and Severe Calcific Aortic Stenosis: Case Report Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up... Read More

Chronic Periodontitis and Systemic Health

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The term periodontitis is used to describe a group of multifactorial diseases that result in the progressive destruction of the structures that support the teeth within the jaws, the so-called attachment... Read More

Prevalence of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a group of conditions affecting the temporomandibular joint (TMJ), the muscles of mastication and/or associated structures .The temporomandibular joint connects the mandible to the temporal bone. It... Read More

Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)

Image Peripheral artery disease is a narrowing of the peripheral arteries serving the legs, stomach, arms and head. (“Peripheral” in this case means away from the heart, in the outer regions of the body.) PAD most commonly affects arteries in the legs. Both PAD and coronary artery disease (CAD) are caused by atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis narrows and blocks arteries in critical regions of the body. Quick facts about PAD The most common symptoms of PAD involving the lower extremities are cramping, pain or tiredness in the leg or hip muscles while walking or climbing stairs. Typically, this pain goes away with rest... Read More

Risk, Fragility and Reliability Analyses in Structural Engineering

Image It has been for a long time that the structural systems’ load and strength were considered in a deterministic manner by engineers and design codes. In this case, a safety factor was defined based on the ratio between the strength and the applied load on structure, which usually referred as the measure of the reliability of the considered structure. However, in the recent years, the researchers found that because of the uncertainties available in the strength, loadings and modeling of the structural system, the traditional deterministic approach cannot be considered accurate anymore. Hence, the probabilistic techniques have developed and are... Read More

Recent Studies on Steel Plate Shear Wall Systems

Image Steel plate shear walls (SPSWs) have been used as the primary or part of the primary lateral force-resisting system in design and retrofit of buildings. Development and use of low yield point (LYP) steel with considerably low yield stress and high elongation capacity nowadays provides the possibility to design SPSW systems with improved serviceability, structural performance, and enhanced energy absorption characteristics. This paper provides a review of recent studies performed by the first author on the seismic design and retrofit of SPSW systems using LYP steel material. The results and findings of these studies form the groundwork for future research... Read More

Oxford Farming Conference 2020

Image The 11th annual Oxford Farming Conference 2020 set its sights on managing global food systems in innovative and environmentally sustainable ways. In line with the world’s sustainable development goals as outlined by the UN, the conference explored the current challenges the agricultural sector faces, with the need to ensure food security, the duty to protect natural ecosystems, and the necessity to reduce Greenhouse Gas emissions. In line with the world’s sustainable development goals as outlined by the UN, the conference explored the current challenges the agricultural sector faces, with the need to ensure food security, the duty to protect natural... Read More

African climate scientists in agriculture

Image The One Planet Fellowship, a $20 million initiative dedicated to supporting research on climate change adaptation, is an academic mentoring scheme which aims to support Africa’s smallholder farmers in adapting to a changing climate. This year, One Planet Fellowship has collaborated with the African Women in Agricultural Research and Development (AWARD) to raise awareness and interest in the value of women engaging in research and development. Launched at the 2017 One Planet Summit in Paris, hosted by President Emmanuel Macron, the One Planet Fellowship seeks to boost climate research in Africa. The Fellowship aims to support the careers of 630... Read More

Focus onto research in Nursing and MIdwifery

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Emphasis onto Nursing and Midwifery

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Focus onto Inflammatory bowel disease and disorders

Image On behalf of the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders Inflammatory colitis, Crohns disease and Ulcerative colitis are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a complex group of inflammatory conditions. Where in patients require both induction... Read More

Emphasis on to Inflammatory bowel disease and disorders

Image On behalf of the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders Inflammatory colitis, Crohns disease and Ulcerative colitis are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a complex group of inflammatory conditions. Where in patients require both induction... Read More

Focus on to Eye and Cataract Surgery

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Emphasis on Eye and Cataract Surgery

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Latest Published Research article in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

published

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Diabetes with metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar

Image Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. The hormone insulin moves sugar from the blood into your cells to be stored or used for energy. With diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t effectively use the insulin it does make.   Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.   There are a few different types of diabetes:   Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. The immune system attacks and destroys cells in the pancreas, where insulin is made. It’s... Read More

Glucose absorption and diabetes to process blood glucose, otherwise known as blood sugar

Image Your digestive system breaks down complex carbohydrates from food into a form of sugar that can be passed into your blood. The sugar then passes into your blood through the walls in your small intestine.   If you have diabetes, your body has a problem moving the sugar from your bloodstream into your cells. This leaves more sugar, or glucose, in your blood. The treatment of diabetes relies on controlling your blood glucose level. Long-term increased blood glucose levels can eventually cause dangerous complications.   Acarbose, miglitol, and pramlintide are all drugs that help manage diabetes. They each prevent too... Read More

New Synergistic Potential of Silver Nanoparticles and it is Application in Pharmaceutical Production Areas

Image Silver nanoparticles play a vital role in the development of new antimicrobial substances against a number of pathogenic microorganisms. Assessment of the antimicrobial activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was achieved as an eco-friendly and cost-effective method alternative to complex chemical and physical techniques. Nanoparticles due to their smaller size could be very effective as they can improve the antibacterial activity through lysis of bacterial cell wall. In the present work evaluation of extracellular biosynthesis of AgNPs by extracellular supernatant of Acinetobacter baumannii as a reducing agent was studied. Silver nanoparticles were characterized by... Read More

Bioremediation with Simultaneous Recovery and Reuse of Resources

Image Chemical industries are vital to the global economy, employ the billions and produce more than 140,000 different products. The products include those derived from the processing of organic or inorganic raw materials to everyday life and modern products. These industries process organic or inorganic materials from the Earth with heat, air and water to make chemicals and products that drive modern economies. There are suggestions that the physical limits of minerals and metals, the two important Earth resources for the chemical industries have been reached. The ‘building block’ or ‘bulk’ chemicals such as benzene, chlorine, toluene and... Read More

Chemical Process Design for Manufacture of Xylene Isomers

Image   Chemical Process Design for Manufacture of Xylene Isomers According to the World Energy Outlook, the demand for coal will increase if conservative measures are not taken. As a result, carbon dioxide emissions will increase from coal use. Current manufacturing facilities use a large amount of external utilities, but measures can be taken to reduce the amount of energy such a facility needs by using energy generated from process streams.  Using process data from a process of toluene conversion, the energy requirements for a pilot scale and full-scale manufacturing plant were minimized using pinch analysis and the resulting heat exchanger... Read More

Importance of the Pharmacological Synergism in Modern Concept of Anti-Ischemic Therapy

Image Importance of the Pharmacological Synergism in Modern Concept of Anti-Ischemic Therapy Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials,... Read More

Microbicide Activity of Two Reptilian Antimicrobial Peptides on Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria

Image  Microbicide Activity of Two Reptilian Antimicrobial Peptides on Gram Positive and Gram Negative Bacteria Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us... Read More

Endothelial Progenitor Cell Number to Apoptotic Endothelial Cell-Derived Micro Particles Ratio in Chronic Heart Failure Phenotypes

Image Endothelial Progenitor Cell Number to Apoptotic Endothelial Cell-Derived Micro Particles Ratio in Chronic Heart Failure Phenotypes Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty... Read More

Maternal hypertensive disorders may lead to mental health disorders in children

Image Author Name: Annie Froster Category Name: Health Care Description: A Finnish study of 4,743 mother-child pairs found associations between hypertensive pregnancy disorders  including chronic hypertension (high blood pressure), gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and eclampsia and childhood mental disorders. Preeclampsia is a common pregnancy complication often characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine, which indicates damage to other organs including the liver and kidneys. Eclampsia is a severe complication of preeclampsia in which high blood pressure during pregnancy results in seizures. Maternal preeclampsia and its severity were associated with an increase in the risk of any childhood... Read More

Siddha Yoga

Image Siddha Yoga is a spiritual path founded by Muktananda (1908–1982). The organization states in its literature that the Siddha Yoga tradition is "based mainly on eastern philosophies". It also states that it "draws many of its teachings from the Indian yogic texts of Vedanta and Kashmir Shaivism, the Bhagavad Gita and the poet-saints." The present head of Siddha Yoga is Gurumayi Chidvilasananda. A central element of the Siddha Yoga path is shaktipat-diksha, literally translated as “initiation by descent of divine power,” through which a seeker’s Kundalini Shakti is awakened by the Guru. Once active, this inner power... Read More

Invitation for Submission of Article

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence is planning to release volume 10 with quality articles in the field of bioterrorism & biodefence. The journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefence aims to disseminate knowledge and promote discussion through the publication of peer-reviewed, high quality research papers on all topics related to Chromatography. The open access journal is published by OMICS International who hosts around 350 open access peer-reviewed journals as well as organizes more than 100 International scientific Conferences. The Journal emphasizes high-level research and education. Original research articles, reviews, short communications, and letters to the... Read More

Topography

Image Topography Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Topography is the study of the shape and features of land surfaces. The topography of an area could refer to the surface... Read More

Photosynthesis

Image Photosynthesis Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Cervical Kyphosis of the Spine

Image The word kyphosis is used to describe a "C"-shaped curve in the spine. A "kyphosis" curve has the opening of the "C" in the front of the body. This type of curve is the opposite of a "lordotic" curve in the spine. A lordotic curve has the opening facing towards the back. The normal spine has both types of curves, but in small amounts. These curves become a problem when they are larger than normal - the larger the curve, the more serious the problem. Many different conditions can lead to an excessive kyphosis. The thoracic, or... Read More

A Scope of Knowledge towards Present and Future Cancer Research

Image A Scope of Knowledge towards Present and Future Cancer Research Journal of Oncology Translational Research with ISSN: 2476-2261 is a peer reviewed online open access journal publishes articles that includes a wide range of topics in this field of cancer and creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. The journal covers all aspects of modern research on cancer, from the more basic discoveries dealing with both cell and molecular biology of tumour cells, to the most advanced clinical assays of conventional and new drugs including risk assessment, cellular and molecular characterization, prevention, detection,... Read More

Pathological research: Angelman syndrome

Image Angelman syndrome (AS) is a genetic disorder that mainly affects the nervous system. Angelman syndrome is due to a lack of function of part of chromosome 15 inherited from a person's mother. Most of the time, it is due to a deletion or mutation of the UBE3A gene on that chromosome. Occasionally, it is due to inheriting two copies of chromosome 15 from a person's father and none from their mother. As the father's versions are inactivated by a process known as genomic imprinting, no functional version of the gene remains. Angelman syndrome is typically due to a new mutation rather than one inherited from a person's parents. It is named after British pediatrician Harry Angelman, who first described... Read More

Quick and Easy: Time to Integrate To Nest Test for Severity Assessment in a Murine Inflammatory Bowel Disease Model

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Quick and Easy: Time to Integrate To Nest Test for Severity Assessment in a Murine Inflammatory Bowel Disease Model”... Read More

Drug Absorption: Pharmaceutical research

Image Absorption is the transfer of the drug into the bloodstream. In IV this process is complete thus the whole dose reaches the systemic circulation. However in other routes of administration the rate and efficiency is dependent on many factors and usually on ly results in partial absorption. Transport in GIT Due to their chemical properties, drugs are absorbed either by passive diffusion or active transport. Passive diffusion: Passive diffusion is facilitated by the concentration gradient accross the membrane. The drug moves from high concentration to low concentration, it does not require an extra carrier or extra energy. Water-soluble agents use aquaous... Read More

Impact of Diesel-butanol Blends on Performance and Emission of Diesel Engine

Image Impact of Diesel-butanol Blends on Performance and Emission of Diesel Engine The aim of lowering the pollutants and to enhance the performance of diesel engines has intensified research in diesel engines. The goal of this study was to assess combustion, performance and emission characteristics of diesel engine using diesel-oxygenate blends. In this direction, experimental investigations were carried out on a single cylinder four stroke direct injection water cooled diesel engine using butanol blended fuels in different volume ratios with diesel fuel. The butanol had no solubility or stability problems when blended with diesel fuel. As there was not phase separation... Read More

Global oil demand to decline in 2020

Image Global oil demand to decline in 2020 Global oil demand is expected to decline in 2020 as the impact of the new coronavirus (COVID-19) spreads around the world, constricting travel and broader economic activity, according to the International Energy Agency’s latest oil market forecast. The situation remains fluid, creating an extraordinary degree of uncertainty over what the full global impact of the virus will be. In the IEA’s central base case, demand this year drops for the first time since 2009 because of the deep contraction in oil consumption in China, and major disruptions to global travel and trade. The... Read More

A Retrospective Panoramic Radiographic Study on Prevalence of Impacted Teeth

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Impacted teeth are the teeth which are completely unerupted, retained or partially erupted based on the clinical and radiographic assessment. It is a common dental anomaly of the jaws. The prevalence... Read More

Heart Arrhythmia

Image Heart rhythm problems (heart arrhythmias) occur when the electrical impulses that coordinate your heartbeats don't work properly, causing your heart to beat too fast, too slow or irregularly. Heart arrhythmias (uh-RITH-me-uhs) may feel like a fluttering or racing heart and may be harmless. However, some heart arrhythmias may cause bothersome — sometimes even life-threatening — signs and symptoms. Heart arrhythmia treatment can often control or eliminate fast, slow or irregular heartbeats. In addition, because troublesome heart arrhythmias are often made worse — or are even caused — by a weak or damaged heart, you may be able to reduce your... Read More

Dry eyes

Image  Dry Eyes Dry eye syndrome (DES), also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS), is the condition of having dry eyes. Other associated symptoms include irritation, redness, discharge, and easily fatigued eyes. Blurred vision may also occur.The symptoms can range from mild and occasional to severe and continuous.Scarring of the cornea may occur in some cases without treatment. Dry eye occurs when either the eye does not produce enough tears or when the tears evaporate too quickly.This can result from contact lens use, meibomian gland dysfunction, allergies, pregnancy, Sjögren syndrome, vitamin A deficiency, LASIK surgery, and certain medications such as antihistamines, some blood pressure medication, hormone... Read More

Corneal Abrasion

Image Corneal Abrasion Corneal abrasion is a scratch to the surface of the cornea of the eye. Symptoms include pain, redness, light sensitivity, and a feeling like a foreign body is in the eye. Most people recover completely within three days. Most cases are due to minor trauma to the eye such as that which can occur with contact lens use or from fingernails. About 25% of cases occur at work. Diagnosis is often by slit lamp examination after fluorescein dye has been applied. More significant injuries like a corneal ulcer, globe rupture, recurrent erosion syndrome, and a foreign body within the eye should be ruled... Read More

Sinoatrial Node

Image Sinoatrial Node The sinoatrial node (also known as the SA node or the sinus node) is a group of cells located in the wall of the right atrium of the heart. These cells have the ability to spontaneously produce an electrical impulse (action potential; see below for more details), that travels through the heart via the electrical conduction system,,using it to contract. In a healthy heart, the SA node continuously produces action potential, setting the rhythm of the heart and so is known as the heart's natural pacemaker. The rate of action potential production (and therefore the heart rate) is influenced by nerves that supply it. The cells of the SA node are spread out within a mesh of connective tissue,... Read More

Direct Strength Method for Web Crippling of Cold-formed Steel C- and Zsections Subjected to One-flange Loading Martin Dara

Image Cold-formed steel flexural members can experience buckling failure at the web when compressive loads are applied to the flanges. Determining the web crippling strength analytically can be difficult because it depends on various parameters including loading conditions, bearing length, thickness of the material, web inclination, flange lengths etc. Due to these parameters, the current design method was developed based on the experimental data only. The paper presents an attempt to develop a semi-analytical design approach for the web crippling strength using the Direct Strength Method concept. The focus is on the cold-formed steel C and Z sections subjected to onflange... Read More

Cost-competitive Steel Devices for Seismic Retrofitting of RC Frames: Model Identification and Nonlinear Analysis

Image Seismic retrofitting of existing reinforced concrete (RC) buildings, designed in the last decades in seismic areas, is one of the most complex tasks for structural engineers: in fact, it includes several issues, such as quantifying the capacity of existing members, designing the supplemental ones and analysing the whole structure. This paper is intended as a contribution to clarifying some of those issues. First of all, a model based on using 1D finite elements with fiber section discretization is proposed for simulating the behaviour of a cost-competitive steel device that can be employed as a link in Y-shaped eccentric bracings (EB):... Read More

The Impact of Distal Cantilever Extension on the Stress Around Four Implants

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Conventional maxillary complete dentures have been created for years. It may have acceptable functions; alternative to absence of all teeth, notwithstanding comfort may be prejudicing. When designing a maxillary denture, complete... Read More

Kyphosis (Roundback) of the Spine

Image Kyphosis is a spinal disorder in which an excessive outward curve of the spine results in an abnormal rounding of the upper back. The condition is sometimes known as "roundback" or—in the case of a severe curve—as "hunchback." Kyphosis can occur at any age, but is common during adolescence. In the majority of cases, kyphosis causes few problems and does not require treatment. Occasionally, a patient may need to wear a back brace or do exercises in order to improve his or her posture and strengthen the spine. In severe cases, however, kyphosis can be painful, cause... Read More

Ecography

Image Ecography Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a... Read More

Traditional cartography

Image Traditional cartography Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume10, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write... Read More

Impact of Pathology

Image  Impact of Pathology JSPD is a prestigious journal publishing articles in the field of surgical pathology, celebrating the 10th Anniversary with the support of all the authors who have published in our esteemed journal by contributing. It gives us great pleasure to read the eminent researches like you all your recent publications which had a great impact on its readers. We believe that your future work will be equally influencing. Hence, on behalf of our Journal, we take the privilege of welcoming you to share any of your current research for publication in upcoming (Volume 3 Issue 1) of the Journal. Current Impact of... Read More

Neoplastic

Image Neoplastic This journal of Surgical Pathology and Diagnosis (JSPD) is an peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on immunohistochemistry, cytopathology techniques, molecular diagnostics such as DNA/ RNA analysis for detection of infectious agents and discussion on advanced surgical treatments are also welcome. Journal of Surgical Pathology and Diagnosis is an open access journal and celebrating the 10thAnniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with macroscopic and microscopic examination of surgical specimens for effective diagnosis of disease. Surgical specimens are of two categories, biopsies, and surgical resections. Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with the ... Read More

Types of diabetes and there causes

Image Type I diabetes: Also known as juvenile diabetes, this type occurs when the body fails to produce insulin. People with type I diabetes are insulin-dependent, which means they must take artificial insulin daily to stay alive.   Type 2 diabetes: Type 2 diabetes affects the way the body uses insulin. While the body still makes insulin, unlike in type I, the cells in the body do not respond to it as effectively as they once did. This is the most common type of diabetes, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, and it has strong... Read More

Diabetes is a condition that impairs the body’s ability to process blood glucose, otherwise known as blood sugar

Image In the United States, the estimated number of people over 18 years of age with diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes is 30.2 million. The figure represents between 27.9 and 32.7 percent of the population. Without ongoing, careful management, diabetes can lead to a buildup of sugars in the blood, which can increase the risk of dangerous complications, including stroke and heart disease. Different kinds of diabetes can occur, and managing the condition depends on the type. Not all forms of diabetes stem from a person being overweight or leading an inactive lifestyle. In fact, some are present from childhood.. This scientific... Read More

Industrial Process Design

Image Industrial Process Design Process design and optimization are fundamental steps to ensure the economic sustainability of chemical processes. Suitable description of the performance of the various unit operations of the plant should be made and integrated, to understand the mutual interferences both under steady state conditions and under unsteady operation. Process simulation tools are helpful to compute both situations. The stationary case can be simulated with packages dealing with material and energy balances applied to each unit and extended to the whole plant. More complex is the unsteady state case, which needs dynamic modeling to describe the time-dependent evolution of... Read More

vEINS

Image Veins Veins are blood vessels that carry blood towards the heart. Most veins carry deoxygenated blood from the tissues back to the heart; exceptions are the pulmonary and umbilical veins, both of which carry oxygenated blood to the heart. In contrast to veins, arteries carry blood away from the heart. Veins are less muscular than arteries and are often closer to the skin. There are valves in most veins to prevent backflow. Veins are present throughout the body as tubes that carry blood back to the heart. Veins are classified in a number of ways, including superficial vs. deep, pulmonary vs. systemic, and large vs. small. Superficial veins are those closer to the... Read More

Latest Published article in Journal of Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

First published article in Journal of Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Aqueous humor

Image  Aqueous humor The aqueous humour is a transparent watery fluid similar to plasma, but containing low protein concentrations. It is secreted from the ciliary epithelium, a structure supporting the lens.[1] It fills both the anterior and the posterior chambers of the eye, and is not to be confused with the vitreous humour, which is located in the space between the lens and the retina, also known as the posterior cavity or vitreous chamber. Maintains the intraocular pressure and inflates the globe of the eye. It is this hydrostatic pressure which keeps the eyeball in a roughly spherical shape... Read More

Western oil and gas producers face down fiscal and COVID challenges

Image Western oil and gas producers face down fiscal and COVID challenges The western Canadian oil and gas industry is facing unprecedented challenges on several fronts but top producers are taking the “new normal” in stride. Leaders of several western Canadian energy producers expressed confidence in both their initial response to COVID-19 and the long-term future of the Keystone XL pipeline in a series of online chats at the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers recent virtual conference. Despite the “double black swans” of crashing oil prices and a worldwide pandemic, Cenovus president and CEO Alex Pourbaix said his firm was ready... Read More

Visual system

Image visual system The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which gives organisms the ability to process visual detail as sight, as well as enabling the formation of several non-image photo response functions. It detects and interprets information from visible light to build a representation of the surrounding environment. The visual system carries out a number of complex tasks, including the reception of light and the formation of monocular representations; the buildup of a nuclear binocular perception from a pair of two dimensional projections; the identification and categorization of visual objects;... Read More

Oil and gas companies exploit coronavirus to roll back environmental regulations

Image Oil and gas companies exploit coronavirus to roll back environmental regulations The collapse in fuel demand caused by the pandemic means countries across the global south should rethink decisions to let energy companies extract oil and gas, a new report says. Struck by a fall in demand for their fuel and anxious about a volatile energy market, oil and gas companies are lobbying governments for public funds and weaker environmental regulations. Leading firms have lost an average of 45% of their value since the coronavirus crisis started and are demanding government bailouts, buyouts and regulatory rollbacks that strip away environmental... Read More

Yunani: Traditional medicine

Image The term Yūnānī means ("Ionian"/"Greek"), as the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. The Supreme Court of India and Indian Medical Association regard unqualified practitioners of Unani, Ayurveda and Siddha medicine as quackery. Practitioners of alternative medicine, including those practicing Unani medicine, are not authorized to practice medicine in India unless trained at a qualified medical institution, registered with the government, and listed as physicians annually in The Gazette of India. Identifying practitioners of Unani medicine, the Supreme Court of India stated in 2018 that "unqualified, untrained quacks are posing... Read More

Juice-Based Production of Amino Acids by Corynebacterium glutamicum

Image Thick juice (also regarded as syrup) is an intermediate product of sugar processing. It is cheaper than processed sugar and is mainly composed of sucrose. Sucrose is a preferred carbon source of Corynebacterium glutamicum, a workhorse of biotechnology used for million-ton-scale amino acid production. C. glutamicum that sugar beet thick juice led to higher growth rates and faster carbon source consumption than pure sucrose. Comparative DNA microarray analysis revealed differential expression of genes for butyrate and citrate catabolism and of NAD and biotin biosynthesis suggesting provision of these compounds by the thick juice. Thick... Read More

Article Published in Our Journal of Bioterrorism and Biodefense

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense is a academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The article on “Independence of Iraqi Kurdistan, Iran's National Security and Possible Scenarios” published in our journal. The issue of independence of Kurdistan in the West Asia region, apart from the ethnic,... Read More

Natural Way to Tackle Greenhouse Effect

Image Methane is considered as an important greenhouse gas which produced from a wide range of anthropogenic and natural sources. It plays a key role in global warming. Capturing and disposal of methane is technically both costly and problematic. A low-cost alternate to the conventional methods is the microbial oxidation of methane. Methanotrophs are the type of bacteria that aerobically oxidize methane as a source of energy through their key enzyme, monooxygenase (MMO), especially the soluble MMO, it is noteworthy in its broad substrate specificity. This exceptional capability, i.e., catalyzing reactions of environmental importance, has... Read More

Time Trend and Risk Factors of Initial Surgery for Crohn’s Disease in Japan

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Time Trend and Risk Factors of Initial Surgery for Crohn’s Disease in Japan” was well written by Dr. Yutaka Yan.... Read More

“Advances In Genetics & Genomes”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Genetics and Genomes, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 10th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Genetics and Genomes. The Journal of Genetics and Genomics  is an journal publishing peer-reviewed articles of... Read More

“A long healthy life is no accident. It begins with good genes”

Image On behalf of the Journal of Genetics and Genomes, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been ten long years we have started the Journal, now we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of Genetics and Genomes. The Journal of Genetics and Genomics  is a journal publishing peer-reviewed articles of novel and significant discoveries in the fields... Read More

Water Pipe Use and the Awareness of its Effect on Oral Health

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The World Health Organization (WHO) states that forms of tobacco use, including cigarette smoking and water pipe (WP) use, cause a large and growing public health burden. Each year, universal tobacco... Read More

Identification of Medication Related Problems During Medication Reviews in A Community Setting

Image Identification of Medication Related Problems During Medication Reviews in A Community Setting Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical... Read More

Are Macrophages Responsible for Cancer Metastasis?

Image Are Macrophages Responsible for Cancer Metastasis? Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper... Read More

The Role of FoxO4 in Post-Myocardial Infarction Left Ventricular Remodelling

Image The Role of FoxO4 in Post-Myocardial Infarction Left Ventricular Remodelling Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50 % on one-time... Read More

COVID-19: global consequences for oncology

Image COVID-19: global consequences for oncology Patients with cancer are a high-risk group in the COVID-19 pandemic. They are already vulnerable to infection because of their underlying illness and often immunosuppressed status, and are at increased risk of developing severe complications from the virus, including intensive care unit admission or even death. Moreover, for those who develop COVID-19, treatment of the disease will be prioritised, and further cancer therapy could be delayed, although such decisions must be made on a patient-by-patient basis and not based only on the early small reports published in the first few weeks of the pandemic.... Read More

Aortic Stenosis

Image Aortic stenosis (AS or AoS) is the narrowing of the exit of the left ventricle of the heart (where the aorta begins), such that problems result. It may occur at the aortic valve as well as above and below this level. It typically gets worse over time. Symptoms often come on gradually with a decreased ability to exercise often occurring first. If heart failure, loss of consciousness, or heart related chest pain occur due to AS the outcomes are worse. Loss of consciousness typically occurs with standing or exercising.Signs of heart failure include shortness of breath especially when lying down,... Read More

Corrosion Control Methods in Ferrocement

Image Ferrocement is a composite material consisting of layered wire meshes and rich cement-sand mortar which imparts high degree of ductility and energy absorbing capacity. Although ferrocement has proven itself as an excellent material for low cost housing, its durability continues to be a matter of concern owing to the corrosion susceptibility of the small diameter metallic wire meshes. Protection of reinforcement in ferrocement is usually achieved through the galvanized wire mesh, increased effective cover and dense mortar. These methods give only partial protection to the reinforcement against corrosion. This article reviews the studies undertaken to control corrosion in the ferrocement... Read More

Towards Zero Waste in Steel Industry: Polish Case Study

Image Poland is one of the most important producers of raw steel and steel products in Europe. During the past decade a considerable number of companies in steel sector in Poland efforts to reduce their impact on the environment, applying the principles of cleaner production (CP). The restructuring of the industry and implementation new eco-technologies caused an increase in share of material recycling, including steel scrap recovered in production processes and from post-use recycling. Depending on the type of steel waste, it can be returned to the process as energy source or raw material for steel fabrication or else be traded... Read More

How Diseases Transmitted?

Image Overview  Infectious diseases are transmitted from person to person by direct or indirect contact. Certain types of viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi can all cause infectious disease. Malaria, measles, and respiratory illnesses are examples of infectious diseases.  Simple preventative measures, such as frequent hand washing, can cut down on disease transmission.   Direct contact  Infectious diseases are often spread through direct contact. Types of direct contact include:   1. Person-to-person contact  Infectious diseases are commonly transmitted through direct person-to-person contact. Transmission occurs when an infected person touches or exchanges body fluids with someone else. This can happen before an infected... Read More

Molecular Cloning and In Silico Sequence Analysis of Glycine Betaine Biosynthesis Genes

Image Glycine betaine (N, N, N-trimethylglycine) is a effective compatible solute, which maintains fluidity of membranes and protects the biological structure of the organisms under stress. In this study, betaine aldehyde dehydrogenase (GbsA) and betaine alcohol dehydrogenase (GbsB) genes encoding for glycine betaine biosynthesis were PCR amplified from genomic DNA of Bacillus subtilis isolated from salted anchovies (Thrissina thryssa) collected from retail fish market of Cochin, Kerala, India. Soil microorganisms are subjected to frequent fluctuations in the osmotic conditions of their habitat due to drying and wetting of the soil. Bacteria must have active mechanisms... Read More

Biodegradation and Decolorization of Acid Red

Image Acid red decolorizing bacteria was isolated and identified as Acinetobacter radioresistens.The effect of operation parameters such as medium composition, pH, temperature, dye concentration on the decolorization of acid red was studied and the products of degradation were analyzed and confirmed using LC–MS analysis. The reductive cleavage of azo bond was catalyzed by azoreductase, the key enzyme for the azo dye degradation. The catalytic reduction of acid red 37 by purified azoreductase in the presence of NADH as electron donor was studied and the products of degradation were determined as 1-{3-amino-5-[(aminoxy)sulfonyl]phenyl}ethanol and 7,8-diamino-3[(aminoxy)sulfonyl]naphthalene-1-ol. Large amounts of dyes are... Read More

A Single-Brushing Study to Compare Plaque Removal Efficacy of a Manual Toothbrush

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the manual toothbrush, the electric toothbrush and the ultrasonic toothbrush, in the removal of dental plaque in dental students. It... Read More

Patients with cancer may develop gastroparesis because of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy

Image Gastroparesis is also called delayed gastric emptying, is a medical disorder consisting of weak muscular contractions (peristalsis) of the stomach, resulting in food and liquid remaining in the stomach for a prolonged period of time. Stomach contents thus exit more slowly into the duodenum of the digestive tract. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, feeling full soon after beginning to eat (early satiety), abdominal bloating, and heartburn. The most common known mechanism is autonomic neuropathy of the nerve which innervates the stomach: the vagus nerve. Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus is a major cause of this nerve damage; other causes include post-infectious... Read More

Childhood Obesity - Diabetes

Image Childhood obesity is particularly troubling because the extra pounds often start children on the path to health problems that were once considered adult problems — diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Many obese children become obese adults, especially if one or both parents are obese. Childhood obesity can also lead to poor self-esteem and depression Clinical Diabetes is one of the best open access journals that aims to publish the most complete and reliable source of information on discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in this field and... Read More

Using Parallel Computer Systems to Examine Seismic Reliability of Structures

Image Structural response under seismic loadings is typically nonlinear and related to many factors, such as structural configurations, material properties, occupancy loads, earthquake hazards and incomplete knowledge of the system. As all these factors have their sources of uncertainties, structural response under seismic loading has its probabilistic nature. Therefore, the random variable for any structural demand follows a multivariate probability distribution over the integration domain defined by the limit states. Examining the probabilistic behaviour of structures under earthquake loadings has to consider the sources of uncertainties from all factors. It is also known that numerical methods, such as the finite element... Read More

From Smart Materials to Lifetime High Performance Structures

Image The major challenge in today’s structural engineering is to better design structures against the damaging effects of natural hazards and terrorist attacks. Smart structural systems are an innovative concept that has been proven to be very effective in protecting structures. These systems absorb damaging energy and/or counteract damaging force on the structure, and thus reduce structural response and possible damage. Smart structure technology is being improved every day, and there is a great need for documented references in this field. Advanced research has discovered natural and man-made materials with unusual properties, called smart materials, and systems that can automatically adjust... Read More

Spine Deformation

Image Spinal alignment and curvature can be altered in many ways. They can occur as a result of a birth defect, a child's growth, aging, injury, or previous spine surgery. The most common type of spinal deformity in adults is degenerative scoliosis. Scoliosis Scoliosis is a side-to-side curvature of the spine that can develop in adults when their facet joints and discs begin to deteriorate. The facet joints give the spine flexibility, enabling us to twist, stretch, or curl up on the couch. When these joints deteriorate, the spine bones can tilt... Read More

Effective Management of Severe Diverticular Bleeding in Japanese Patients

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Effective Management of Severe Diverticular Bleeding in Japanese Patients” was well written by Dr. Jeffrey S. Barton. Abstract Aim: Diverticular... Read More

Mucosa: Improve your immune system to reduce Allergic reactions

Image Mucosal Immunology involves the study of immune system response that occurs at the mucosal membrane covering the intestine, urogenital tract and the respiratory system. The mucosal immune system provides primary protection against external pathogens. It is tolerant to the internal non-harmful microbes. Mucosal immunity develops with age with the colonization of intestinal good flora. Journal of Mucosal Immunology Research is an open access peer reviewed journal that deals with different aspects of mucosal innate immune system. This immunology journal publishes research findings on the mucosal membrane associated microbial flora, elucidation of the mucosal immune response as well as... Read More

Price war on oil and gas market

Image Price war on oil and gas market The worldwide interest for oil had begun to decrease a long time before dealings on the chance of OPEC+ expansion got going in Vienna toward the start of March. The decrease was because of the pandemic and warm winter. Over the span of Vienna talks Riyadh gave a "final proposal like interest" for a sensational decrease in oil creation, which was inadmissible for an entire number of provider nations due to the danger of losing a lot of the market. In the interim, allegations with respect to Saudi and western legislators and broad... Read More

Cell receptors were generally transmembrane proteins

Image Cells have proteins called receptors that bind to signaling molecules and initiate a physiological response. Different receptors are specific for different molecules. Dopamine receptors bind dopamine, insulin receptors bind insulin, nerve growth factor receptors bind nerve growth factor, and so on. In fact, there are hundreds of receptor types found in cells, and varying cell types have different populations of receptors. Receptors can also respond directly to light or pressure, which makes cells sensitive to events in the atmosphere. Receptors are generally transmembrane proteins, which bind to signaling molecules outside the cell and subsequently transmit the signal... Read More

Journal of Oncology Translational Research: Aims and Scope

Image Journal of Oncology Translational Research: Aims and Scope Journal of Oncology Translational Research is a peer reviewed online open access journal seeking to publish articles that includes a wide range of topics in this field and creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal. The journal covers all aspects of modern research on cancer, from the more basic discoveries dealing with both cell and molecular biology of tumour cells, to the most advanced clinical assays of conventional and new drugs including risk assessment, cellular and molecular characterization, prevention, detection, diagnosis and treatment of human... Read More

Cardiac Arrest

Image Cardiac arrest is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to pump effectively. Signs include loss of consciousness and abnormal or absent breathing. Some individuals may experience chest pain, shortness of breath, or nausea before cardiac arrest. If not treated within minutes, it typically leads to death. The most common cause of cardiac arrest is coronary artery disease. Less common causes include major blood loss, lack of oxygen, very low potassium, heart failure, and intense physical exercise. A number of inherited disorders may also increase the risk including long QT syndrome. The initial heart... Read More

Editorial Board Member

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense is a academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. The Editors in Editorial Board of our journal are from various developing and developed countries i.e.,(U.S.A., Czech Republic, Thailand, Italy, etc.).We would like to introduce some of our board member. Editor-in-chief: Dr Nicholas... Read More

Perceived Stress among Medical and Dental Undergraduates

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It... Read More

Brain discovery suggests source of lifelong behavioral issues

Image Author Name: Annie Froster Category Name: Health Care Description: UVA neuroscientists have discovered that an unexpected form of cellular cleanup takes place in developing brains. If this process goes wrong -- happening too little or too much -- it can cause permanent changes in the brain's wiring. In lab mice, this results in anxiety-like behavior, and it may play a role in neurological conditions such as autism in humans. The cellular cleaner the researchers spotted, the AIM2 inflammasome, has been associated primarily with the body's immune response to infections but has not been extensively studied in the brain. But there it plays... Read More

Composite Materials

Image When two or more material with different properties is combined together they form a composite material. The constituents are combined in such a way that they keep their individual physical phases and are non-soluble in each other or do not form a new chemical compound. That is why a composite is considered to be any multiphase material system that exhibits a combination of properties that makes the composite superior to each of the constituent phases. The primary function of matrix is to hold the fiber to form a certain shape. Besides, the functions of the matrix are also to transfer... Read More

Alternate fuels

Image Fossil fuels are one of the major sources of energy in world today. It can be accounted to easy usability, availability and cost effectiveness. But the limited reserves of fossil fuels are a great concern owing to fast depletion of the reserve due to worldwide increase in demand . Biodiesel has become beguiling nowadays for it is environmental benefits and it seems an opposite alternative fuel for future, it’s made from renewable biological sources such as vegetable oils and animal fats. It is biodegradable and nontoxic, low emission profiles and also environmentally beneficial. Vegetable oils are among the... Read More

Obscure State of Dental Graduates

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It... Read More

Confronting the COVID 19 Nurses and mIdewives

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Ophthalmology and Cataract

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Cataract surgery

Image On behalf of the Journal of Eye and Cataract Surgery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honor and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honor to welcome you to the Journal of Eye and Catarct surgery. Cataract, Diabetic retinopathy and  complicated eye surgeries are classified under ophthalmology  , which is a complex group of eye ailmnets. Where in patients require both induction and lifelong medication. The... Read More

Pharmacotherapy of Ukcerative Colitis

Image aOn behalf of the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my extreme honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been five long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of inflammatory bowel disease and disorders Inflammatory colitis, Crohns disease and Ulcerative colitis are classified under inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which is a complex group of inflammatory conditions. Where in patients require both induction... Read More

International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Crohns and Colitis

Image On behalf of the Journal of research in nursing and mid-wifery, as Editor-in-Chief, it is my distinct honour and privilege to inform you that, it’s been four long years we have started the Journal, now we are celebrating the 04th Anniversary and we are privileged to welcome Analytical Society to our journal. As Editor-In-Chief it is my great pleasure and honour to welcome you to the Journal of research in nursing and midwifery International Research Journals is an International, Scholarly open access publisher that currently provides worldwide research publications. IRJ offers a broad range of options for authors and researchers, enabling... Read More

Diabetes is a major life style disease, biochemically characterized by hyperglycemia

Image Diabetes is a major life style disease, biochemically characterized by hyperglycemia and is asymptomatic most of the time. The major clinical impact of diabetes is due to its varying complications which can affect any organ system or tissue in the . Sexual dysfunction is a common problem seen in people with diabetes, especially those with poorly controlled diabetes and those with diabetes related complications and co-morbidities. Sexual dysfunction, especially erectile dysfunction (ED) is common in people with diabetes and the reported prevalence varies from 27 to 75% . xBut the exact statistics are not available... Read More

Drinking too much alcohol is one of the major causes of clinical illnesses

Image Drinking too much alcohol is one of the major causes of clinical illnesses; liver disease, pancreatic disease and mental disorders. It is also bound to cause difficult problems in the management of diabetes, especially in nutritional therapy. However, in the 2018 ADA recommendations, moderate alcohol intake is described as having no major detrimental effects on long-term blood glucose control in people with diabetes [1]. The risks associated with alcohol consumption include hypoglycemia (particularly for those using insulin or insulin secretagogue therapies), weight gain, and hyperglycemia (for those consuming excessive amounts). Patients with... Read More

Advances in Crop Science and Technology Journal

Image Advances in Crop Science and Technology Journal, as Editorial manager in-Chief, it is my respect and benefit to advise you that, it's been three years we have begun the Journal, presently we are commending the 6th Anniversary and we are special to invite Crop Society to our diary. The journal also focuses on the various aspects of crops research like selection, Breeding, Crop productivity, Seed production, Organic cover crops, Crop technology transpiration, Field crops research, domestic animals, Crop and irrigation technology related topics. Advances in Crop Science and Technology Journal aims to disseminate knowledge... Read More

Mucosal Immunology : Be Hygienic Be Immunogenic

Image Mucosal immunology is the study of immune system responses that occur at mucosal membranes of the intestines, the urogenital tract and the respiratory system, i.e., surfaces that are in contact with the external environment. In healthy states, the mucosal immune system provides protection against pathogens but maintains a tolerance towards non-harmful commensal microbes and benign environmental substances. For example, in the oral and gut mucosa, the secretion of IgA provides an immune response to potential antigens in food without a large and unnecessary systemic immune response. Since the mucosal membranes are the primary contact point between a host and... Read More

Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation and Intensive Cardiac Rehabilitation

Image Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation is primarily exercise-based and has shown improvement in risk profile and outcomes, including survival in individuals with known CHD. Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation reduces the chances of being rehospitalized or depressed after a coronary event, and helps patients recover strength and build skills in managing medications and activities. A challenge for Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation is suboptimal referral and participation. Women, minorities, older people, and people with comorbidities are less likely to be referred and/or attend Traditional Cardiac Rehabilitation. Intensive Cardiac Rehabilitation (ICR) The Medicare definition of Intensive Cardiac Rehabilitation is “a physician- supervised... Read More

Evaluation of the in vitro Antiprotozoal Activity of Various Dry Plant Extracts against Dientamoeba fragilis

Image Plants represent an important source of diverse biomolecules with unique  properties,  some  of  which  make  them  attractive  candidates  for  the  development  of  novel  antimicrobials.  Plant  extracts  have  been  evaluated  in  vitro  for  their  activity  against  human-infecting gastrointestinal   protozoa,   such   as  Giardia   intestinalis  and Entamoeba  histolytica ,  with some  success.  Some  plant  extracts  are  also  active  against  the  sexually  transmitted  parasite  Trichomonas vaginalis. For the treatment of  infections  with  microaerophilic  protozoa,  such   as   Dientamoeba   fragilis   and   G. intestinalis,   metronidazole   (Flagyl®)  has  been  the  drug  of  choice  for  decades.  However,  it  is  well  established  that  the  widespread  use  of  monotherapeutic  treatment  regimens... Read More

Neuroimmunology – The Past, Present and Future

Image Journal of Clinical & Experimental Neuroimmunology covers all areas of neuroscience, molecular immunology and clinical and experimental immunology.Neuroimmunology as a separate discipline has its roots in the fields of neurology, neuroscience and immunology. Early studies of the brain by Golgi and Cajal, the detailed clinical and neuropathology studies of Charcot and Thompson's seminal paper on graft acceptance in the central nervous system, kindled a now rapidly expanding research area, with the aim of understanding pathological mechanisms of inflammatory components of neurological disorders. While neuroimmunologists originally focused on classical neuroinflammatory disorders, such as multiple sclerosis and infections, there is strong evidence... Read More

Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Related Pathological Processes

Image The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology (ISSN: 2161-0681) deals with research on infectious disorders associated with immune system and immunological disorders, infectious diseases, treatment of infectious diseases, infectious medicine, epidemiology, diagnostic tests of infectious diseases, infection control, pathophysiology, clinical pathology , preventive medicine. Clinical Pathology deals with patient care, diagnostic services, novel treatments and research on immune infections. Journal of Clinical & Experimental Pathology covers all areas of clinical and experimental pathology. Articles such as research papers, review articles, commentaries and short communications leading to the development of Journal of clinical and experimental pathology. The endoplasmic reticulum (ER)... Read More

Lamotrigine Induced Pancytopenia and Sepsis: Case Report and Literature Review

Image Lamotrigine Induced Pancytopenia and Sepsis: Case Report and Literature Review Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient... Read More

Interleukin (IL)-1 Beta and IL-6 Levels in Human Embryo Culture Supernatants and their Role in Implantation Following IVF: A Prospective, Non-randomized Study

Image  Interleukin (IL)-1 Beta and IL-6 Levels in Human Embryo Culture Supernatants and their Role in Implantation Following IVF: A Prospective, Non-randomized Study Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious,... Read More

Novel Cell Replacement Strategies for Heart Failure Treatment

Image  Novel Cell Replacement Strategies for Heart Failure Treatment Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50 % on one-time article processing... Read More

Polyurethane

Image Polyurethane "The bacteria can use these compounds as a sole source of carbon, nitrogen and energy," The Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research-UFZ in Leipzig,"This finding represents an important step in being able to reuse hard-to-recycle PU products." In 2015, polyurethane products alone accounted for 3.5 million tons of the plastics produced in Europe. Polyurethane is used in everything from refrigerators and buildings to footwear and furniture to numerous other applications that can leverage its lightweight, insulating and flexible properties. Unfortunately, polyurethane is difficult and energy-intensive to recycle or destroy as most of these kinds of plastics are thermosetting polymers that... Read More

Elevation

Image Elevation Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  The elevation of a geographic location is its height above or below a fixed reference point, most commonly a reference geoid, a... Read More

Myocardial Infarction

Image Myocardial infarction (MI), also known as a heart attack, occurs when blood flow decreases or stops to a part of the heart, causing damage to the heart muscle. The most common symptom is chest pain or discomfort which may travel into the shoulder, arm, back, neck or jaw. Often it occurs in the centre or left side of the chest and lasts for more than a few minutes. The discomfort may occasionally feel like heartburn. Other symptoms may include shortness of breath, nausea, feeling faint, a cold sweat or feeling tired. About 30% of people have atypical symptoms. Women more... Read More

Largest Single-Year Drop in Cancer Mortality 2020

Image Largest Single-Year Drop in Cancer Mortality 2020 The cancer death rate declined by 29% from 1991 to 2017, including a 2.2% drop from 2016 to 2017-the largest single-year drop in cancer mortality ever reported. These findings were reported in “Cancer Statistics, 2020,” the latest edition of the American Cancer Society’s annual report on cancer rates and trends. The steady 26-year decline in overall cancer mortality is driven by long-term drops in death rates for the four major cancers-lung, colorectal, breast, and prostate-although recent trends are mixed. The pace of mortality reductions for lung cancer-the leading cause of cancer death-accelerated... Read More

Cartography

Image a Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography is an international open access journal which is celebrating 10th Anniversary , publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. As our journal has completed 10 years we are celebrating 10th anniversary we have announced almost 50 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary so we are inviting eminent researches,fellowmans, science students, scientists for the submission of their valuable,innovative articles which would be helpful to our journal publication in forth coming issue( volume9, issue 1) . We would like to invite eminent researches to write a... Read More

Neoplastic Limp or Irritable Hip?

Image Irritable hip is the most common cause of hip pain in children and the clinical priority for clinicians is the timely identification and management of septic arthritis. However other rare conditions such as malignancy must be considered as the differential diagnosis. Neuroblastoma accounts for 7- 10% of childhood malignancies and is one of the most common extracranial solid tumours occurring in paediatric population. It arises from sympathetic neural tissue, and therefore can occur anywhere within the sympathetic nervous system. It most frequently originates within the abdominal cavity (65%) or follows the distribution of the... Read More

Magnification

Image  Magnification The magnification of a magnifying glass depends upon where it is placed between the user's eye and the object being viewed, and the total distance between them. The magnifying power is equivalent to angular magnification (this should not be confused with optical power, which is a different quantity). The magnifying power is the ratio of the sizes of the images formed on the user's retina with and without the lens. For the "without" case, it is typically assumed that the user would bring the object as close to one eye... Read More

Adie Syndrome  

Image Adie Syndrome   Adie syndrome, also known as Holmes-Adie syndrome, is a neurological disorder characterized by a tonically dilated pupil that reacts slowly to light but shows a more definite response to accommodation (i.e., light-near dissociation).It is frequently seen in females with absent knee or ankle jerks and impaired sweating. The syndrome is caused by damage to the postganglionic fibers of the parasympathetic innervation of the eye, usually by a viral or bacterial infection that causes inflammation, and affects the pupil of the eye and the autonomic nervous system. Adie syndrome presents with three hallmark symptoms, namely at least one abnormally dilated pupil (mydriasis) which does not constrict in response... Read More

Coronary circulation

Image Coronary circulation Coronary circulation is the circulation of blood in the blood vessels that supply the heart muscle (myocardium). Coronary arteries supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscle, and cardiac veins drain away the blood once it has been deoxygenated. Because the rest of the body, and most especially the brain, needs a steady supply of oxygenated blood that is free of all but the slightest interruptions, the heart is required to function continuously. Therefore its circulation is of major importance not only to its own tissues but to the entire body and even the level of consciousness of the brain from moment to moment. Interruptions of coronary circulation quickly cause heart attacks (myocardial infarctions), in... Read More

Latest Published article in Cytokine Biology

Image Purpose/Aim of Study: Tendon healing involves a complex, coordinated series of events that, despite new therapies to improve healing, results in scar. The “nude” T-lymphocyte deficient model is a genetic strain exhibiting a loss of function in the Foxn1 gene. Nude mice cannot generate mature T-lymphocytes, are unable to mount many types of adaptive immune responses, and were initially used as skin injury healing models. Their ability to heal external ear injuries, similar to the regenerating MRL mouse model, has since been described. We therefore hypothesized the Foxn1-/- nude T-lymphocyte deficient mouse strain would improve tendon healing. Materials and Methods: Foxn1-/- T-lymphocyte deficient mice were subjected to... Read More

First published article in Cytokine Biology

Image Since World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that infection levels are determined prior to designing and implementing control programmes, as the treatment regimens depend on the population infection prevalence and the sensitivity of the parasitological infection diagnostic method is less reliable when infection levels are low. In this study we aimed to compare between parasitological methods and serological ones in diagnosing infected individuals in an endemic area. Human infections with Schistosomiasis and other helminths induce strange immune responses which are characterised by the production of Th1 and Th2 cytokines. One hundred and thirty sera and urine were collected from patients... Read More

Jejunoileal Diverticulosis: A Review

Image Clinical Gastroenterology Journal (formerly Journal of Colitis & Diverticulitis) is a peer reviewed, open access journal considering research on all aspects of digestive system, gastrointestinal diseases, liver, bilary tract, pancreas, diseases of related organs Ulcer medicine, Colitis, Diverticulitis and associated disorders and their treatment. The Journal aims to provide a platform for the exchange of scientific information addressing clinical research and practice of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. We are sharing one of the most cited article from our journal. Article entitled “Jejunoileal Diverticulosis: A Review” well written by Dr. Jeffrey S. Barton. Abstract Jejunoileal diverticulosis (JID) is an acquired condition affecting... Read More

korean traditional medicine

Image Korean medicine refers to the medical practices used in Korea, an ancient history with some overlap with TCM and the healing practices of East Asia. When a small child whines, Korean grandfathers need only say, "If you keep whining, the doctor will put a needle in you!" to put a stop to it immediately. In fact the mere thought of not just one but scores of acupuncture needles being pricked into bare skin evokes great fear in many, not just young children – evidence of how acupuncture is deeply entrenched in the daily lives of Koreans. Called "chim" in Korean, acupuncture... Read More

The Art of Steel Structures

Image Iron has been used as construction material in human society for long time. The first iron-chain suspended bridge, 106 m span Jihong Bridge, was built in Southwest China in 1400s. In Europe, the first cast iron bridge appeared in 1700s in Telford, England. Cast iron was later replaced by more reliable wrought iron for construction of most railway bridges in early 1800s. It was not until late 1800s / early 1900s that steel structural systems appeared and took over iron in modern construction industry. Based on the manufacturing procedure, steel structures can be separated into two main categories: hot-rolled steel... Read More

Steel Structures: Brilliant Ideas, Advances and Discussions

Image Brilliant ideas are worth as much as a complete research. Steel structures have followed a quite well-trodden and yet challenging path, particularly with the advent of new materials in construction industries. As a result, innovative and stimulating ideas played a significant part, since both researchers involving in constructions and/or industries drew comparisons among different materials to achieve most optimal ideas. In different research and construction projects, the major concern that whether sole material or a composition of two (or more) materials outweigh, has always been raised among decision makers. Notwithstanding, the significant role of steel as a crucial element in... Read More

Free Annual Publication with One Time Membership Fee.

Image Journal of Bioterrorism & Biodefense is a academic journal and aims to publish most complete and reliable source of information on the discoveries and current developments in the mode of original articles, review articles, case reports, short communications, etc. in all areas of the field and making them freely available through online without any restrictions or any other subscriptions to researchers worldwide. It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper at special discount on one-time article processing charge where you can publish 10 article’s for free with one time membership... Read More

Effect of Corona virus on oil market

Image Author Name: Joel James Category Name: Geology & Earth Science Description: Effect of Corona virus on oil market Since January, the spread of the coronavirus has sent global stock markets tumbling and reversed nearly all the positive momentum in oil prices over the past four months, doubling down on a pessimistic oil demand outlook despite numerous short-term risks to supply. As the virus spreads beyond Asia, the oil market will continue to suffer losses, but the question remains: how deep and for how long? Coronavirus affects the oil market in two ways. First, travel restrictions due to containment efforts limit the use... Read More

Nano Carrier

Image Dual-ligand nanocarriers have been developed to target over-expressed receptors, such as epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFR) and folate receptors (FR), in cancer cells. The dual ligand technique has been developed to enhance nanocarrier targeting, by binding to two kinds of over-expressed receptors instead of one. This study theoretically designs the binding of dual-ligand to two types of over-expressed receptors on cancer cells. We developed molecular theory that considers van der Waals, steric, and electrostatic interactions under a decoupled Self-Consistent Field (SCF) approach. Our developed theory determines the dual-ligand-receptor binding regulations, and it can be applied for triple-ligand nanocarriers. The developed... Read More

Cytomegalovirus

Image Cytomegalovirus Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) glycoproteins H and L (gH/gL) can be bound by either gO or the UL128 to UL131 proteins (referred to here as UL128-131) to form complexes that facilitate entry and spread, and the complexes formed are important targets of neutralizing antibodies. Strains of HCMV vary considerably in the levels of gH/gL/gO and gH/gL/UL128-131, and this can impact infectivity and cell tropism. In this study, we investigated how natural interstrain variation in the amino acid sequence of gO influences the biology of HCMV. Heterologous gO recombinants were constructed in which 6 of the 8 alleles or genotypes (GT)... Read More

Inhibition of Protease Activity of Periodontopathogens by Purified Lactoferrin and Lactoferrin Supplement

Image Inhibition of Protease Activity of Periodontopathogens by Purified Lactoferrin and Lactoferrin Supplement Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular... Read More

Applying mycorrhiza biotechnology to horticulture

Image Mycorrhiza are symbiotic associations between plant roots and certain soil fungi which play a key role in nutrient cycling in the ecosystem and also protect plants against environmental and cultural stress. Most of the major plant families are able to form mycorrhiza, the arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) association being the commonest mycorrhizal type involved in agricultural systems. AM biotechnology is feasible for crops using a transplant stage, as is the case with horticultural systems. Recent developments and insights regarding the potentials of AM symbiosis in horticultural practices are discussed. Given the effects of AM inoculation on plant growth... Read More

Characteristics of organics removal by PACT

Image The use of powdered activated carbon treatment (PACT), based on simultaneous adsorption and biodegradation, is effective for treating organic toxic pollutants, present in industrial wastewaters. Removal of phenol and aniline from aqueous solutions by biological treatment alone, by adsorption on powdered activated carbon (PAC) alone and by simultaneous adsorption and biodegradation were compared. In the adsorption experiments, Langmuir adsorption isotherms were obtained, from which Qo, the limiting adsorption capacities, and b, the constant related to the energy of adsorption, were determined. Qo values of phenol and aniline were found to be similar, while the... Read More

Neocortical development

Image Neocortex is the most complex and evolved organ in the humans comprising many neuronal cell types such as oligodendrocytes and glia accounting 10 billion cells in the human brain that form neuronal connections with other regions of central nervous system. Neocortex is responsible for the cognitive functions, sensation, action, consciousness, spatial reasoning and language. The neocortex, also called the neopallium and isocortex, is the part of the mammalian brain involved in higher-order brain functions such as sensory perception, cognition, generation of motor commands,spatial reasoning and language. The neocortex is further subdivided into the true isocortex and the... Read More

Assessment of gingival biotypes in patients

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It... Read More

Costs of a Hospital-Based, Ready-To-Use Syringe Delivery Programme

Image Costs of a Hospital-Based, Ready-To-Use Syringe Delivery Programme Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy (RROIJ Publishing) is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of  not only Hospital and Clinical pharmacy but also in aspects like Drugs & Drug information studies, General anesthesia, Automatized anesthesia, Pediatric Anesthesia, Obstetric Anesthesia, Neuroanesthesia, All kind of surgeries General medicine & Critical care medicine, Preoperative Evaluation & Postoperative effects, Pain management, Drug information studies, Clinical reviews, Pharmacy practices, Patient care & Counseling, Ischemia reperfusion, Clinical trials, Patient management, Patient... Read More

Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literature

Image Development of de novo Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome Post-Transplant and the Role of Donor Specific Antibodies: A Case Report and Review of Literature Journal of Immunobiology (Hilaris Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Journal of Immunobiology is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology... Read More

The Radiation-Induced Arterial Injury in the Upper Limb

Image Radiation-Induced Arterial Injury in the Upper Limb Atherosclerosis: Open Access (Omics Publishing S.L) has announced almost 50 % discount on article processing charge to commemorate its 10th Anniversary. Atherosclerosis: Open Access is an open access, peer-reviewed journal that focuses and welcomes submissions on all aspects of Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease, arteriosclerosis, Coronary Atherosclerosis, intracranial atherosclerosis etc.   It gives us great pleasure to announce the call for paper on the occasion of 10th Anniversary of the Journal at special and hefty discount of up to 50 % on one-time article processing charge.... Read More

Babies from bilingual homes switch attention faster

Image Author Name: Annie Froster Category Name: Health Care Description: One in 1000 children has apraxia, but understating the origins of this debilitating speech disorder has until now remained elusive. A team of researchers, led by MCRI  speech pathologist Prof Angela Morgan, has identified anomalies in a key speech pathway of the brain connected to speech. Prof Morgan said a better understanding could help neuroscientists and speech pathologists look to developing more targeted treatments for children. The research paper, 'Dorsal language stream anomalies in an inherited speech disorder' is published in the latest issue of the international... Read More

Zinc Consumption During Sacrificial Cathodic Protection of the Bottom of Crude Oil Storage Tanks

Image The bottom of crude oil storage tank suffers from severe corrosion as a result of the presence of an aqueous layer containing electrolytes MgCl2, NaCl, CaCl2 and H2S beside porous deposits of sand and clay. Sacrificial cathodic protection using Zn anodes can be used to protect the tank bottom from corrosion. To contribute to the economic assessment of sacrificial cathodic protection the rate of Zn consumption under different condition was studied during cathodic protection in the present work. Variables studied were NaCl concentration, porosity of the porous bed overlying the tank bottom, height of the porous bed and the area... Read More

On Completing 5 Years of Successful Publishing, Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy Declares Discount on Article Processing Charges

Image On Completing 5 Years of Successful Publishing, Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy Declares Discount on Article Processing Charges Research & Reviews: Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy is overwhelmed by the response from the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and to take part in the year-long celebrations. Journal started in the year 2015. Since then, it is one of the most reputed journals of OMICS group, known for its strong association engaged in cutting edge research. Journal of Hospital and Clinical Pharmacy is an open access, peer reviewed journal that covers wide... Read More

Manuscript Invitation for Journal of Immunobiology

Image Manuscript Invitation for Journal of Immunobiology The Journal of Immunobiology is an open-access journal which provides an important forum for the publication of articles in the core areas such as Immunobiology, Immunology, Autoimmunity, Innate Immunity, Adaptive Immunity, immunization, Immunogenetics, Immune Disorders, Immunodeficiency, Immune inflammation, Immunoinformatics,  Clinical Immunology, Allergy & Immunology, Clinical & Vaccine Immunology,  Inflammatory Disorders, Autoimmune Disorders, Immunotherapy and Immunopathology of infectious, allergic and autoimmune disease. The Journal is a comprehensive repository of the latest advancements in Immunology & Immunobiology. The Journal of Immunobiology is headed by a pre-eminent Editorial Board. All... Read More

Atherosclerosis: Open-Access invites for manuscript submission

Image Atherosclerosis: Open-Access invites for manuscript submission Atherosclerosis: open-access (Omics Group) is one of the best open Access journals of scholarly publishing. The journal includes a wide range of fields in its discipline which broadly covers Cardiovascular Diseases like Atherosclerosis also referred as arteriosclerosis. It leads to many cardio related disorders like Coronary Heart disease, Stroke, Peripheral Arterial Disease, Chronic Kidney Disease etc. This creates a platform for the authors to make their contribution towards the journal and the editorial office promises a peer review process for the submitted... Read More

Biodegradation of Congo Red

Image The azo dye Congo Red, was degraded extensively by the wood rotting basidiomycete, Phanerochaete chrysosporium in agitated liquid cultures and in solid malt agar cultures. Upon addition of Congo Red to agitated liquid cultures, the dye was adsorbed to the mycelial pellets in both ligninolytic and non-ligninolytic cultures followed by extensive degradation only in the ligninolytic cultures. This fungus, grown from conidiospores, readily degraded up to 718 μM (500 mg/l) Congo Red in 2.0% malt agar. Decolorization of Congo Red in malt agar plates was suppressed by the addition of supplemental nutrient nitrogen indicating that the lignin degrading system of... Read More

Degradation of lactate dehydrogenase during the cell cycle of burkitts lymphoma cells

Image The pattern of lactate dehydrogenase synthesis during all phases of a synchronous cell cycle was determined by labelling the enzyme with [3H]leucine and titrating the amount of LDH present in individual cultures by means of affinity chromatography. Two different labelling techniques were used, both of which supported the hypothesis of a periodic pattern for total LDH synthesis during the cell cycle, with two peaks of synthesis occurring during S phase, one early in S phase and one late, and two other peaks-ne occurring during the G2/M phase and one during the G1 phase. When... Read More

Recent News: Diabetes Type 4: A New Unnamed Diabetes Mellitus Type

Image Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the most common endocrine and metabolism disorder of human. It can be seen worldwide. The problem is very common in daily clinical practice. Abnormal glucose metabolism is the important clinical feature of DM. DM can be seen at any age group and the management usually requires long term clinical care. Primarily, the diet control and life style modification is the general practice for management of DM. The use of antidiabetic drug and insulin are the main medications for management of the patients. The good patient compliance and long term close monitoring and follow-up is the main key factor... Read More

Recent News: Glucose Metabolism and Zika Virus Infection

Image The new infection is usually a big problem and challenge in medicine. The Zika virus infection, a new emerging mosquito borne disease, is the present big problem. The disease is caused by an arbovirus namely “Zika virus”. In public health, the widespread of the disease cause several concerns at present. The disease can cause a dengue-like febrile illness and it additionally induces neurological complication as well as poses teratogenic property. At present, the Zika virus infection affects several countries around the world. The effect of Zika virus on metabolism is very interesting but little mentioned. The interesting issue is on the effect... Read More

Principles in Dentistry and Dental Hygiene

Image Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. Oral hygiene is the practice of keeping one's mouth clean and free of disease and other problems (e.g. bad breath) by regular brushing of the teeth (dental hygiene) and cleaning between the teeth. It... Read More

Special Issue: Immunization and Infectious Diseases

Image Special Issue: Immunization and Infectious Diseases Journal of Infectious Diseases & Therapy, provides the rapid bimonthly publication of articles in all areas related to Infectious Diseases. Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy welcomes the submission of manuscripts that meet the general criteria of significance and scientific excellence. Papers will be published approximately one month after acceptance. With the advent of 21st century, immunization played a decisive role to avert deaths of millions of people who suffered from infectious diseases. Immunization is a technique in which a person is made resistant or immune to an infectious disease through... Read More

Gastrointestinal pathology

Image Gastrointestinal pathology This journal of Surgical Pathology and Diagnosis (JSPD) is an peer reviewing processing journal and publishes the articles on immunohistochemistry, cytopathology techniques, molecular diagnostics such as DNA/ RNA analysis for detection of infectious agents and discussion on advanced surgical treatments are also welcome. Journal of Surgical Pathology and Diagnosis is an open access journal and celebrating the 10thAnniversary, an esteemed journal which mainly deals with macroscopic and microscopic examination of surgical specimens for effective diagnosis of disease. Surgical specimens are of two categories, biopsies, and surgical resections. Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which deals with... Read More

Current Impact of Gastrointestinal Pathology

Image Current Impact of Gastrointestinal Pathology JSPD is a prestigious journal publishing articles in the field of surgical pathology, celebrating the 10th Anniversary with the support of all the authors who have published in our esteemed journal by contributing. It gives us great pleasure to read the eminent researches like you all your recent publications which had a great impact on its readers. We believe that your future work will be equally influencing. Hence, on behalf of our Journal, we take the privilege of welcoming you to share any of your current research for publication in upcoming (Volume 3 Issue 1) of the Journal.... Read More

Oral health conditions

Image   Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations. During this year we look forward to taking some initiatives that would encourage and reward our... Read More

Ecocide

Image Ecocide Journal of Ecosystem and Ecography  is an international open access journal publishing the quality peer-reviewed research articles relevant to the field of Environmental Sciences. The journal selects the articles to be published with a single bind, peer review system, following the practices of good scholarly journals. It supports the open access policy of making scientific research accessible to one and all. Journal Impact Factor 0.02* ; 1.5* (5 Year Journal Impact Factor) Submit manuscript at https://www.scholarscentral.org/submissions/ecosystem-ecography.html  Ecocide is criminalized human activity that violates the principles of environmental justice, such as causing extensive damage or destroying ecosystems or harming... Read More