Dental caries becomes a major public health concern
Journal of oral hygiene and Health has announced almost 20 percent discount on article processing charge to commemorate its Anniversary. On behalf of the Journal of oral hygiene and Health the editor of Journal of oral hygiene and Health is overwhelmed by the response and eagerness of the academic and research contributors to publish with the journal and take part in the year-long celebrations.
Dental caries or tooth decay is a breakdown of teeth due to bacterial activities. This phenomenon develops eating problem and produce pain. One of the damages of dental caries in bacterial breakdown is the hard tissues. It may be due to the acid produced from sweet foods onto the tooth surface. Dental caries becomes a major public health concern. One study reports that more than 80% population is affecting with this problem. According to WHO reports 60 – 90% of school children got effected with this disease. A study conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, showed that the prevalence of dental caries in preschool children was found about 69% . Another study conducted in India reported that the prevalence of dental caries among children of rural Bundelkhand region was 82.62%. In Pakistan one study conducted for randomly selected schools of Sargodha district showed the prevalence of dental caries was about 45%.
A study conducted in Karachi for up to seventy one month old children showed the prevalence of 23.5% for Early Childhood Caries. Studies showed that Body Mass Index (BMI) which derives from the values of mass and weight of an individual gives the association with many diseases including dental caries. A study conducted in Taif University of outpatient clinic showed that 42.2% of subjects with high prevalence of dental caries were either overweight or obese.
The primary objective of this study was to report the mean and Standard Deviation of primary, permanent, and overall dental carries among Larkana and Peshawar city children from Pakistan and formulation of an appropriate statistical model to evaluate and predict the dental caries using the information of body mass index using Poisson regression.
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